Are LED Lights Eco-Friendly?

Light-emitting diodes are an eco-friendly lighting choice. LEDs are an energy-efficient alternative to traditional incandescent light bulbs, which waste 90 percent of the energy they consume on heat. Other energy-efficient lighting options include halogen incandescent bulbs and compact fluorescent lamps. All incandescent and fluorescent lights produce light that flows in all directions, wasting light as well as heat.

LEDs are a rapidly advancing technology that uses energy more efficiently and can save energy in indirect ways, such as with air-conditioning costs (see References 1). LEDs use small, powerful sources of light that illuminate when electrons move through semiconductor materials. They shine in only one direction, produce a small fraction of the heat of fluorescent and incandescent lights, and lasting longer than other types of lighting.

Energy Star, a joint program of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy, labels LED lights that meet its energy-efficiency guidelines. Although LED lighting design creates efficiencies, poorly designed LED lights do not meet the potential of the technology. Energy Star guidelines require that LEDs consume at least 75 percent less energy than incandescent bulbs and last 15 times longer. In addition, the bulb must turn on instantly.

LED low energy-usage saves money in utility bills. As of 2011, an Energy Star-qualified LED bulb has an average operating cost of $1 per year. That compares to annual costs of $1.20 for an Energy Star-qualified compact fluorescent bulb, $3.50 for a halogen incandescent bulb and $4.80 for a traditional incandescent bulb. In addition, an Energy Star-qualified LED bulb's longer life -- ranging from a minimum of 15 times longer than a traditional incandescent bulb to a maximum of 25 times longer -- means there is much lower turnover of bulbs in your house. (See References 2 and 3) Technological advances with LEDs raise hopes for significantly reducing electricity usage in the United States. LED lighting could cut the electricity demand in the country by 1/3, according to the U.S. Department of Energy. The estimated savings from that adoption would total $265 billion, including preventing the construction of 40 new power plants.

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A Review of the Meltology Beauty Network Marketing Opportunity
A Review of the Meltology Beauty Network Marketing Opportunity
The Meltology Beauty domain was registered in May of 2009, so this is a relatively new Network Marketing Company. This company specializes is selling Skin Care as well as Health and Wellness Products. What makes their product different from similar products in this market is that they are created from Heat and Heat Components. The company believes it is for this reason that they are on the cutting edge of Skin Care now and into the future. The company claims that it is very support oriented and treat each business relationship they are involved in, whether it be a relationship with a Vendor or Distributor very seriously. So what I interpret them as saying here is that they haven't forgotten where they came from even though they hit the big time with their own MLM Company. Meltology is the short name for Mineral Energy Luxury TechnOLOGY. The mission of Meltology Beauty is to provide environmentally friendly products that at the same time improve the health and well being of the consumer. The focal point of each product they offer is around the concept of the spa which is derived from the powerful healing capabilities of the mineral hot springs located in Europe. The President & CEO of Meltology Beauty is Michael Ellis. He was also responsible for building Metabolife International with a $15,000 loan, which grew to one of the largest natural weight loss companies in the world today. Michael Ellis has lots of experience is mass advertising, retailing as well as constructing effective MLM Compensation Plans. Christian Ellis is the son of Michael Ellis and is the Vice President and is in charge of Sales and Associate relations. Christian has run sales departments in the past for several Network Marketing Companies and has touched thousands of MLM Distributors in the past as a National Sales Director. He has also provided sales training for large auto dealerships. With Meltology Beauty you can either become an Associate which is a Rep or a Meltologist. Associates don't offer as much is the way of support as being a Meltologist , but being an Associate does allow you to get your foot into the door of this company and start building an organization immediately. An associate can also train to eventually become a Meltologist. Meltologists are the Creme of the Crop in Meltology Beauty. Becoming one allows you to become a Top Level Consultant for all of the companies product lines. They are also committed by the company to offer a higher threshold of support to individuals who decide on this route to build their business. They receive additional training as well as specialized skin analyzing equipment as well as extensive training on their entire skin care line. The goal of a Meltologist is to personally work with clients and give them custom solutions so they can achieve optimum beauty and health.
Replacing an Incandescent Bulb with LED Bulb
When we talk about replacing an incandescent bulb with LED bulb, one question comes in everyone's mind: Is it possible to use a LED bulb that has higher wattage equivalent than the fixture I have?Well the answer is Yes, as far as the LED bulb uses less wattage than your fixture. If you see the label states "100 watt LED equivalent" it does not mean that the LED bulb is using 100 watts, it means the bulb produces an amount of light (Lumens) equivalent to a 100 watt incandescent bulb. When your socket says do not exceed 60 watts, it means the dangers of high heat output is associated with Incandescent bulbs.LEDs do not discharge the dangerous levels of heat. Thereby, if the fixture states "not to exceed 60 watts" and you want to use a 100 watt equivalent LED bulb, this remains safe to do.Why LEDs are so much efficient?Because LED bulbs or tubes don't use direct heat to produce light, where Incandescent bulbs give a much bigger spectrum of radiation since they are heating metal as the lighting source. An important question that often asked by people: "How can I know if my LED bulb will be bright enough or not?" When we deal with LED bulb brightness, we need to think about Lumens, not watts. As per general standard, 800 lumen LED bulb generate the same amount of light as an old 60 watt incandescent bulb. Maybe you would like to use a bulb that is more brighter. So, for 60 watt fixture, you can use 100 watt, 125 watt or even 150 watt LED equivalent because as far as electricity consumption is concern all above mention replacement bulbs uses under 60 watt, and 150 watt LED equivalent produces about 2,600 lumens brightness, while only uses nearly 30 watt.It means you can use 150 watt LED equivalent bulb in 60 watt fixture and get three time or more than three time brightness of your traditional 60 watt incandescent bulb·RELATED QUESTIONWere can I get quality outdoor LED lighting for my landscape project?If short maintenance, eco friendly landscape lighting is a precedence for you, outdoor LED lighting is a ideal option for your landscape lighting design. LED landscape lighting offers the protection, security and artistic qualities as any other landscape lighting solution, but it also offers a concentrated ecological footprint and lower maintenance.You can emphasize the beautiful architecture of your home's external or landscaping with tactically placed outdoor lighting by LV Lightings. While your options may seem endless, it's significant to believe the role you want your outdoor lights to play. Will they be for security reasons, or for more ornamental purposes?Outdoor LED lightingmay be more luxurious up front than other options, but in the long run it will go easier on your wallet than other bulbs. From LV Lighting's LED lights have a long life span and offer excellence lighting that is power efficient.Whatever options you settle on, you're sure to find a extensive selection of charming and well-designed landscape lighting right here on LV Lightings.
Replace Incandescent Bulbs with Best Quality
Led Downlights are a great illumination option that fit easily into hollow ceiling spaces We at Get Best LED Lights bring to you the best quality LED downlights to illuminate your surroundings in a way like never before. Our range of comes with a convenient adapter base and option for dimming, thereby making it suitable for both commercial and retail use.Get narrow and focused white comfortable light with our exclusive range of Led Downlights that promise energy efficiency with durability. Besides being a brilliant energy-saving solution, our are certified so that you don't have to worry. Our are Energy Star & IP rated, ETL & UL Listed, RoHS & FCC Compliant.Following are some cutting edge features of our range of :The sturdy design makes it ideal for use in Damp areas.Instant-on, no flicker and Mercury-free. Warranty - 35000 hours / 3 years95-degree beam angle to give uniform lighting in wide range areas alsoEnergy-saving, available in three variants - 3000K, 4000K, and 5000K.At Get Best LED Lights, output per watt of our LED Tube Lights is much more than that of ordinary tube lights. Our LED Tube Lights are the brightest of all the options available in the market which makes us a leading manufacturer of LED lighting products.·RELATED QUESTIONWhat are some of the cleverest inventions and ideas ever? Where can you purchase them, if possible?Possibly some of them are the smartest inventions...A show piece that can be disassembled to a sofa set and a centre table.2. An automatic water pumper that quenches your dogs thirst.3. A water bottle with some secret space.4. Different Coca-Cola bottles for different uses.5. A comb-cum-bottle6. An ice-tray that produces diamond-shaped ice cubes.7.8. A ceiling hammock.. What a bliss!!9. A cycle that has flexible structure that it can be tied around like this anywhere.10. A shower with LED lightsthat changes colour according tothe room temperature.11.12. An ice cream cup that comes with a lock.13. Carpet alarm clock.14. Waterproof touchscreen keyboard.15. A toast-cum-omelette pan. A real time saver!!16. A coffee mug that indicates temperature of the coffee...17.18. A pillow that wakes you up by the time you set...19. Sleepers with LED lights which helps you to see the floor even in the dark.20. Shark tea bagsThank you so much for such an overwhelming response to my answer. Thanks upvoters :))I'm adding a few more pictures to the answer, and hope you will like them too.21. Pizza box oven22. selfie toaster23. Cookie cutter tray24.25. 3-D pen26. Clear kayak27. Linux smart pen that vibrates when you have spell something wrong.28. Planet plates29. Galaxy night light30. Weight measuring chopping board.That's it for now... will add more later :))
Making the Switch to Energy-efficient Light Bulbs
Choosing a light bulb used to be easy. Did you want a 60 or 100-watt bulb? Now the choices facing Manitoba consumers are many and shopping for a new bulb can be a daunting task.Over the past 15 years, energy-efficient bulbs have become ubiquitous on store shelves in Canada. Most people think of the spiral shape common to compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs), but halogen bulbs save more energy than incandescent bulbs, and light emitting diode (LED) bulbs even more."Everyone's sort of afraid of change," said Frank Gallo, Electrical Applications instructor at the Manitoba Institute of Trades & Technology. "It's hard to pick a light bulb." Canadian consumers face a dwindling supply of incandescent bulbs as the federal government banned the manufacture and importation of 75- and 100-watt bulbs at the beginning of this year, and are placing the same restriction on 40- and 60-watt bulbs as of Dec. 31. The number of these bulbs on store shelves will gradually decrease over the next few years.Concerns about CFLs Some consumers might be reluctant to turn off their incandescent bulbs and invest in the new technology because they aren't aware of all the energy-efficient varieties available. They could have concerns relating to the proper disposal of CFLs and danger they present if broken. A CFL contains about four milligrams of mercury.Michael Lee, marketing specialist with Manitoba Hydro, said he believes the hazard has been over-blown."There's a big misconception out there," he said.While CFLs do contain mercury, it's a very small amount - about 100 times less than is contained in an old-fashioned glass thermometer, he said.Instructions for cleaning up a broken CFL are available at However, despite the minimal danger, Lee said people should follow proper disposal practice and take their used CFLs to a disposal site for household hazardous waste. A list of sites can be found on the Manitoba Hydro website at When CFLs were first being brought into the Canadian market, they weren't compatible with fixtures using a dimmer switch, but that problem has been addressed. Packaging indicates if a bulb can be safely dimmed.Another complaint is that a CFL takes longer to power up in a cold environment, such as outdoors in a Manitoba winter.LEDS for more than holiday decorating Anyone who's reluctant to change to CFLs can consider replacing their incandescent bulbs with LEDs. Lee said LEDs aren't new technology, as they've been used in various ways for many years. In fact, consumers are likely to have strung them on a Christmas tree or used them in an outdoor light display.While there were some complaints about the first LED bulbs introduced for household lighting being too bright and harsh, Lee said the manufacturers have brought in a range of brightness levels, from soft, indirect light to bright light."There's an LED option for every socket in your home," Lee said. "You can really customize your living space with light." The colour temperature of light is measured in degrees Kelvin, with 2,700 Kelvin being the measurement for an incandescent bulb, seen by the human eye as a softer, golden light, and 5,000 Kelvin being equivalent to daylight's bluer hue that's viewed as being cooler.LED bulbs have a plastic cover which makes them more durable than incandescent bulbs or CFLs. The LED bulb's exterior doesn't heat up as do incandescent and halogen bulbs, making them a safer choice for families with young children. Many are compatible with dimmer switches."They're instantly on and LEDs work well in the cold," Lee said.So why don't consumers unscrew their incandescent bulbs and replace them with LEDs? Checking the store shelves will provide the answer - cost.Pay more, save more Lee said an LED light is considerably more expensive than the other types, but its long life results in long-term energy cost savings. For example, the average life of a 60-watt incandescent bulb might be 1,000 hours, or one year if it's used 2.7 hours a day. While the cost per bulb is about 50 cents, the average annual energy cost is $4.43. In comparison, an equivalent LED bulb measures between eight and 14 watts, costs about $12 and lasts for about 25 years, with an average annual energy cost of 89 cents."The more bulbs you replace, the higher the savings you'll have," Lee said. He noted that the cost of CFLs and LED bulbs is gradually coming down, and expects that this will continue.Gallo said a relative of his recently replaced all the bulbs in the pot light fixtures in his home's cathedral ceiling with LED bulbs. Because these lights were difficult to reach, he decided to pay the extra cost as a trade-off for the bulbs' long life."If you can't easily access a light fixture, the energy-efficient bulbs are good," Gallo said.Lee said, while LED bulbs give the best value for money over the long term, if a homeowner has already installed CFLs, they should stick with those."We're not suggesting replacing CFLs with LEDs," he said.Read information on packaging Lee recommends that consumers look for the Energy Star symbol on light bulb packaging as it shows that the bulbs have met federal standards in terms of their output and life span."Read the package and look for something with the Energy Star," he said. He also suggests that consumers hold onto their receipt for energy-efficient bulbs as they have a three-year warranty and the manufacturer will replace faulty bulbs.Information on the packaging will also indicate watts (power consumption), light output measured in lumens, light appearance, estimated life and annual energy cost.A comparison of various bulbs' wattage versus lumens is available at If a consumer wants to ensure that the energy-efficient bulb they are buying is the correct choice to replace an incandescent bulb in an existing fixture, they can bring their bulb to the store to match the size and base shape.Manitoba Hydro's website has information on lighting tips at hydro.mb.ca/lighting or call 1-888-624-9376, or 204-480-5900 in Winnipeg.Facebook.com/TheHeadlinerWPG Twitter: @CanstarHeadline Cost of home lighting choices Manitoba Hydro provided the following information on cost comparisons:A 60-watt incandescent bulb sells for about 50 cents and carries an average annual energy cost of $4.43, with a one-year lifespan based on 2.7 hours of use per day.A 43-watt halogen bulb sells for about $3 and incurs an average annual energy cost of $3.17, with a three-year life span based on the same daily use.A 13-watt compact fluorescent bulb (CFL) sells for about $5 and has an average energy cost of 96 cents over an eight-year life span.A 12-watt light emitting diode (LED) bulb sells for about $12 and carries an average energy cost of 89 cents over a 25-year life span.
Qorvo Introduces the Industry's Most Efficient Power Amplifier to Improve Small Cell Performance
Qorvo Introduces the Industry's Most Efficient Power Amplifier to Improve Small Cell Performance
Beijing, China, August 10, 2015 - qorvo, Inc. (NASDAQ: qrvo), a leading supplier of RF solutions for mobile applications, infrastructure, aerospace and defense applications, recently announced the launch of a new series of power amplifiers (PA) with industry-leading efficiency and suitable for small cellular base station applications. Small cell solution can increase the capacity of mobile network and is a key link to improve network performance.James Klein, President of qorvo infrastructure and defense products, said: "With the exponential growth of global mobile data traffic and bandwidth requirements, qorvo customers need to expand LTE upgrades and heterogeneous networks through small cell solutions. Qorvo's latest power amplifier enriches our product portfolio for the small cell market, enabling customers to improve efficiency, expand capacity, reduce costs and better support carrier aggregation."Tqp9309, tqp9321 and tqp9326 product series cover all major 3GPP frequency bands in the frequency range of 700 - 2700 MHz. In fact, each product can provide output power of more than 27 DBM in a wide operating frequency range, which can be used in multiple frequency bands and suitable for different regions of the world.Earl lum, President of ejl wireless research, said: "tqp93xx product family is very flexible, allowing small cell customers to achieve multi band support in a compact space. We believe that in order to successfully deploy small cells, they must support multi band, multi rat and MIMO."These multi-stage PAS provide high gain, use small surface mount packages, and can work with few external devices, which is conducive to a very compact system design. At 27 DBM output power, up to 27% power added efficiency (PAE) can be achieved The linearized 20 MHz LTE signal meets the PA requirements of the base station of - 50 DBC ACLR. The high efficiency of these power amplifiers makes the small cellular base station more suitable for power over Ethernet (POE) applications. Qorvo tqp93xx products are now in mass production and can be supplied.*Test with 20 MHz LTE signal and linearization with DPD.Introduction to qorvoQorvo (Nasdaq: QRVO) Qorvo is a leading provider of core technologies and RF solutions for mobile, infrastructure, aerospace / defense applications. Formed by the merger of RFMD and TriQuint, qorvo has more than 6000 employees worldwide and is committed to providing solutions for various applications that realize global interconnection. Qorvo has the broadest product portfolio and core technologies in the industry, and has passed ISO9001 and ISO 14 001 and ISO / TS 16949 certified world-class production plant.
Explosive Cases Involving Defective Fuel Systems.
Explosive Cases Involving Defective Fuel Systems.
Trial lawyers handling fuel-fed fire cases stemming from vehicle collisions may find success for clients by arguing that defective fuel systems led to death or serious injury.Every day, the lives of countless Americans and their families are tragically shattered by vehicle collisions that should have been moderate, survivable accidents of life. Instead, these crashes leave behind catastrophic injuries and death.Attorneys working in the field of automotive products liability and crashworthiness can sometimes trace these disasters to questionable fuel system integrity. The real tragedy is that the automotive industry is often aware of dangers that can lead to fiery explosions, but its leaders make calculated business decisions that put profits ahead of safety.In the early 1970s, General Motors Corp. (GM) engineers proposed a standard that "fuel leaks should not occur in collisions which produce occupant impact forces below the level that would cause a fatality in the absence of fire."(1) In other words, GM recognized that manufacturers have a duty to design vehicles so that people will not get burned in survivable collisions.This article examines in-cab and sidesaddle fuel tank design and potential sources of ignition.Case No. 1. Peter Sharon, 40, and Christian Childers, 17, worked for the timber-frame business of Christian's father. On July 23, 1993, they were in a 1972 Chevrolet flatbed truck, carrying a load of timber to Owensboro, Kentucky, to construct a timber-framed house.As the vehicle and its load traveled south on Interstate 71, the right rear tire blew out and the truck overturned. Both Peter and Christian were killed after the truck erupted in flames.Case No. 2. Brandon Garner, 26, was on his way to work early on the morning of August 10, 1995. He routinely made the trip on Interstate 55 from eastern Arkansas and crossed the "old bridge" over the Mississippi River into Memphis, Tennessee, in his 1972 Chevrolet C-10 step-side pickup truck.As he came to the bridge that morning, the traffic ahead of him stopped suddenly. Rather than rear-end the vehicles in front of him, he steered his truck to the right and struck the bridge wall. The pickup rolled over onto the driver's side and caught fire, killing Brandon.These three men were the victims of unreasonable hazards due to the design of the fuel systems in their pickup trucks.Before the 1973 model year, the "Big Three" U.S.automakers (Ford, Chrysler, and General Motors) adhered to a double standard for automobiles and pickup trucks with respect to fuel tank integrity. In automobiles, no part of the fuel system was permitted to contact or pass through the passenger compartment. In automobiles, the fuel filler pipe and gas cap were recessed and covered by a flap door.By contrast, the Big Three chose a different design for pickup truck fuel systems. In these trucks, the fuel filler pipe protruded several inches above the sheet metal behind the door. The entire fuel storage system (including tank, filler pipe, and fuel lines) was housed behind the driver's seat. This design became known as the "in-cab" fuel tank.For many years, American truck manufacturers knew of the dangers inherent in this in-cab design. There was no justification, and certainly no necessity, for the double standard regarding fuel system integrity between cars and pickup trucks--especially considering that the original pickup was merely a modification of a standard passenger car. In fact, the first pickup trucks were built on a passenger car chassis.Early examples of this design include the 1917 Ford Model T and the 1926 Chevrolet Roadster pickup. The Model T featured an add-on pickup bed, and the Roadster simply had a wooden bed inserted into the trunk.(2) Because these pickup trucks were built on a car chassis, the fuel tank was likewise located outside the passenger compartment. For reasons of cost and convenience, however, the fuel tank in pickup trucks was moved into the passenger compartment beginning in 1949.Peter, Christian, and Brandon paid the ultimate price for this decision. Their trucks should have been recalled or removed from America's highways many years earlier. Countless trucks with the same defects are still on the highways today. A 1971 study conducted for the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) proclaimed that The "particularly hazardous type of fuel system damage" described in 1971 is precisely what occurred, more than 20 years later, in the two cases described above.After the blowout on Christian's pickup truck, the truck swerved and then overturned. The protruding gas cap and filler neck were scraped off, and the fuel tank ignited. The cab was consumed by fire, and both Peter and Christian were burned alive. Neither man suffered any other lifethreatening injuries from the crash.Brandon Garner's death was similarly tragic and preventable.After his 1972 Chevrolet pickup rolled over, it skidded along the bridge on the driver's side. Just as the 1971 DOT document had forewarned, the metal components slid on the pavement and ripped off the filler neck, leaving a massive gasoline spill from the fuel tank. The friction and sparks of the metal components on the pavement ignited the fuel.Since the fuel tank was located inside the occupant compartment, Brandon's chances for survival were slim. Despite the fact that his cab was engulfed in flames, he did all he could to survive this catastrophe. He kicked out the windshield and ran from the truck.Witnesses described him as a "human fireball." Despite the heroic efforts of Brandon and rescue personnel, he suffered burns over 85 percent of his body. He died 10 days later. The cause of death was burn-related multiple organ failure. Like Peter and Christian, Brandon suffered no other life-threatening injuries.These are not isolated incidents. Discovery responses in Brandon's case(4) identified some 84 lawsuits and 12 nonlawsuit complaints against General Motors alleging similar defects.In 1973, Ford, Chrysler, and General Motors redesigned their pickup truck fuel system layout, moving the tank out of the passenger compartment. This new design coincided with the effective date of the proposed gas tank safety standard by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)--then known as the National Highway Safety Bureau. The standard sought to require that all vehicles be capable of withstanding front and rear barrier crashes of 30 mph and that they also demonstrate fuel system integrity during a rollover.(5) Pickup trucks with fuel tanks located in the passenger compartment are still traversing America's highways. A pickup truck of this vintage was prominently displayed in the recent film The Horse Whisperer.Sidesaddle fuel tanks After removing the gas tank from the cab, Ford and Chrysler chose to place them under the pickup chassis inside a set of heavy steel frame rails. In contrast, GM pickups made between 1973 and 1987 featured the tank mounted like a saddlebag outside the frame. This saddlebag, or sidesaddle, design has led to more than 100 lawsuits against General Motors. An estimated 300 people have died as a result of injuries received in collisions involving burning gas tanks in these models.(6) Case No. 3. Annette Dobbs was a passenger in a GMC 1986 pickup truck being driven on a two-lane road in Wright County, Missouri. On March 11, 1989, the vehicle slid off the slick road and into a tree. The truck burst into flames, and Annette was burned over 50 percent of her body. The driver and another passenger were burned to death.Case No. 4. Henno Gribat was driving his 1973 GM pickup truck on June 11, 1994. It was suddenly struck by another vehicle that had crossed the center line of the two-lane road in Kankakee County, Illinois. The pickup immediately burst into flames that shot 40 feet into the air. Henno lived about 24 hours before dying from severe burns.Cases 3 and 4 have a common element. They resulted from the sidesaddle design GM elected to use on its pickup trucks after the company was forced to take the gasoline tanks out of the in-cab position.No other vehicle has received as much criticism since the Ford Pinto. Protecting the gasoline tank with only thin metal sheeting on the side of the vehicle is no protection at all. Any cost or functional benefit of that design is far outweighed by the extreme safety hazard.Highway statistics Statistics from NHTSA confirm that vehicle fires are still a major problem in this country. The agency's recent research shows that * 228,000 people were involved in vehicle fires between 1979 and 1986, an average of 29,000 a year; * 88 percent of the survivors of crashes in which a post-collision fire occurred would have been less seriously injured if the vehicle fire had been prevented; * nearly all of survivors of post-collision fires (99 percent) had burn injuries that were more severe than their impact-induced injuries; and, * 26 percent of people whose deaths were caused by bums would have had no, or only minor, injuries if those people had not been burned.(7) Other studies have estimated deaths from vehicle fires at anywhere between 450 and 3,500 each year.(8) How do these fires start? One need only look to the fuel system itself.Most modern vehicles now have fuel-injected engines. As a result, the fuel system consists of the tank, three fuel lines, fuel pump(s), fuel line connectors, a filler pipe, and a cap. Each component is essential for the vehicle's overall fuel system integrity. The three fuel lines include a feed or supply line that sends gasoline to the engine, a return line that returns unused gasoline to the fuel tank, and a vapor line. Most vehicles have one or more in-tank electric fuel pumps.Fuel lines. Fuel-injected engines require pressure in fuel lines that is sometimes as high as 60 pounds per square inch. Fuel can escape if there is a break or weakening in the line. This failure can occur at a connector or in a location that is very difficult to see on inspection. These systems include plastic, neoprene (robber), steel, or steel-braided lines. The location and composition of the fuel line are critical to the overall fuel system integrity of the vehicle.Fuel pump. Most fuel-injected engines have electric fuel pumps located inside the fuel tank. It is critical that these pumps shut off in the event of a collision. If they do not, they continue to pump gasoline through the system. Different types of mechanisms are used to shut off the fuel pump in a collision, but many post-collision fires have been traced to pumps with faulty shutoff valves.Siphoning. Gasoline may siphon from a fuel tank after a collision, sparking a potentially deadly fire. This happens the same way gas is siphoned from the tank through a rubber hose. Gas can siphon from the fuel system quickly--about three-quarters of a gallon a minute.Manufacturers have long known of the danger of fuel siphoning, yet many fail to incorporate inexpensive antisiphoning devices in their fuel systems, leaving many drivers and their passengers vulnerable.It is difficult to understand how vehicles with defective fuel systems remain on the road today, given the potentially tragic consequences that drivers and passengers could suffer when involved in a collision. As trial lawyers, we must do our best to ensure that manufacturers are held accountable for their past mistakes.Notes (1.) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMIN., ENGINEERING ANALYSIS REPORT & INITIAL DECISION THAT SUBJECT VEHICLES CONTAIN A SAFETY-RELATED DEFECT, EA92-041, at 41 (Oct. 17, 1994) (quoting a report by GM engineers Ronald E. Elwell, Jim Steger, and Paul Judson).(2.) Marc Flatow, The In-Cab Fuel Tank: An Avoidable Hazard, TRIAL, Nov. 1981, at 82 (citing JAMES K. WAGNER, FORD TRUCKS SINCE 1905 (1978) and GEORGE H. DAMMONN, SIXTY YEARS OF CHEVROLET (1972)).(3.) NEVA B. JOHNSON, AN ASSESSMENT OF AUTOMOBILE FUEL SYSTEM FIRE HAZARDS (1971) (prepared by Dynamic Science for U.S. Dep't of Transp., National Highway Traffic Safety Admin.).(4.) Hartsfield v. General Motors, No. J-C-96-81 (E.D. Ark. filed Mar. 18, 1996).(5.) National Highway Safety Bureau, Proposed Standard, Docket 70-20, Notice 1 (Aug. 29, 1970); see Fuel System Integrity, 49 C.F.R.[sections] 571.301 (Sept. 6, 1976).(6.) Thomas McCarroll, Was GM Reckless? TIME, Nov. 30, 1992, at 61.(7.) SUSAN C. PARTYKA, NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMIN., FIRES AND BURNS IN TOWED LIGHT VEHICLE CRASHES 1-4 (1992).(8.) GENERAL MOTORS CORP., SAFETY RESEARCH & DEV. LAB., GENERAL MOTORS AND FUEL SYSTEM COLLISION FIRES, Envtl. Activities Pub. No.A-3177 (1974).Robert Langdon practices law in Lexington, Missouri. Peter Perlman, a former ATLA president, practices law in Lexington, Kentucky.
Does Anyone Know Some Good Recipies For
Does Anyone Know Some Good Recipies For
Does anyone know some good recipies forTry these no bakes. They are perfect for the beginner, just follow the directions. Peanut Butter Chocolate No Bakes 2 cups granulated sugar 1/2 cup butter 1/2 cup milk 1/3 cup unsweetened cocoa powder Pinch of salt 1 teaspoon vanilla extract 3 tablespoons peanut butter 3 cups quick oats Be sure you use quick oats only. In large saucepan, combine sugar, butter, milk, cocoa and salt. Bring to boil over medium heat, stirring frequently. Continue boiling 3 minutes, stirring frequently. Remove from heat. Stir in vanilla and peanut butter; stirring until peanut butter is melted. Add oats and mix well. Drop by tablespoonfuls onto waxed paper. Let stand until firm. Store tightly covered. Makes about 3 dozen. These are soooo goood.— — — — — —I need a brownie recipe using cocoa?Deep Dish Brownies 3/4 cup margarine, melted 1-1/2 cup sugar 1-1/2 teaspoon vanilla 3 eggs 3/4 cup flour 1/2 cup cocoa 1/2 teaspoon baking powder 1/2 teaspoon salt Blend melted margarine, sugar, and vanilla; add eggs, beat well. Combine flour, cocoa, baking powder and salt. Gradually add to egg mixture. Spread in greased 8 inch square pan. Bake at 350 degrees for 40 to 45 minutes.— — — — — —Can somebody tell me what food this is?These are Brazilian sweets. She says they are "napolitano", which probably means they are half strawberry "bicho de pé" and half chocolate "Brigadeiros", with both flavors rolled into each ball. Stir constantly, scraping the bottom of the pan, for about 10 minutes until it thickens (you should be able to see the bottom of the pan when you drag your spoon across it - it will look about like cake batter). Stir constantly and patiently, and do not turn up the heat. (It will stick and the chocolate will burn if you do.) Let it cool. Once it cools off somewhat, you can put it in the refrigerator. It will become a cool dough. (If not combining with strawberry candy below, roll chocolate Brigadeiros in chocolate sprinkles. They are usually strawberry, but you can make other flavors by using different flavors of gelatin. I do not know how to make the very pretty tennis ball kind of pattern she made in the photo. It looks like she has used the smaller sized paper candy cups - they hold about a 2 teaspoonfull bite-sized piece. If you make these, enjoy.— — — — — —What can I use in place of eggs?Eggless Chocolate Cake 3 c. flour 2 c. sugar 2 t. soda 1/3 c. cocoa 1 t. salt 2 c. cold water 2 T. vinegar 3/4 c. oil 1 t. vanilla Sift together flour, sugar, baking soda, cocoa and salt into large bowl. Add vinegar, water, oil and vanilla. Beat until smooth. ( Batter will be thin). Bake in greased 13 x 9-inch pan at 350 degrees for 35 to 45 minutes, or until cake tests done. Cool and frost as desired.— — — — — —Can you answer these situational hypothetical hockey questions (Part 2)???!!!???I shake it 2) Not a fan of Cocoa, I will share/provide the bottle of the stronger stuff though— — — — — —Does nutrients of cocoa beans is good for the skin?There are oils in cocoa butter (made from Theobroma cacao, or cocoa beans) that help to moisturize the skin. It works like any moisturizer, but lots of people like how it smells, and it feels a bit silkier than other moisturizers— — — — — —Does anyone have a delicious no-bake cookie recipe??No Bake Chocolate Cookies INGREDIENTS 2 cups white sugar 1/2 cup milk 1/2 cup margarine 3 cups rolled oats 1 teaspoon vanilla extract 3 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa powder 1/2 cup flaked coconut DIRECTIONS In a saucepan over medium heat, combine sugar, milk, and margarine. Bring to a boil, stirring occasionally, then boil for 4 to 5 minutes. Remove from heat and stir in the oats, vanilla, cocoa and coconut. Spoon onto waxed paper and allow to cool for at least an hour. Store in an airtight container. WARNING! DELICIOUS— — — — — —PLEASE I AM SO DESPERATE! IS ANYONE FRENCH AND CAN HELP ME WITH A SCHOOL PROJECT!?Biscuits de Rose De Reims 4 large eggs, separated 1 tbsp pure vanilla extract 1/2 tsp red liquid food coloring 1/4 tsp almond extract 1/8 tsp Fiore di Sicilia or 1/4 tsp plain orange extract 2 cups granulated sugar, preferably superfine 1 cup (about 6 oz) finely ground blanched almonds 1 tbsp plain baking cocoa 2 cups unleavened pastry flour In large mixing bowl, beat egg whites until stiff to remove excess water. Beat in yolks, food coloring, and flavorings until smooth. Beat in sugar a half cup at a time until dissolved; if too grainy, let stand 15 minutes and beat briefly again. Add almonds and cocoa; stir until well incorporated. Stir in flour a cup at a time until just smooth. Preheat oven to 300-325 degree F. and grease and flour two 9-inch square pan. Spread batter in the bottom of each about 1/4" thick. Bake until set but not brown, about 20 mins. (Any browning will destroy the delicate pink color.) Cool and cut into rectangles. Repeat with remaining batter. Preheat oven to 150 F. and toast cookies until hard and dry, about 40 min.
Sometimes
Sometimes
Sometimes I wear this old dress of mine, It feels older than time.It’s made up of ruined cloth,of old fabric that tends to tear.Yet I wear itand in my secret moments swear by it.perhaps its the familiarity of things,or a separation that I cannot bear.With interlocking seamsand a bead-work of dreams.now it remids of my granma’s shroud,A doubt she liked to share.Yet I wear it againdignity lost with every pound I gain.Perhaps I should try a new dress,something that makes me care.I still can afford a new suits, maybe a green one that makes me go “I am Groot”Then I must throw away this old robe at once,something’s are definitely beyond repair.Why do I then stop midwaythe same colours that once made me swayNo, throw it awaybut then how will I hide it?Most times I wear my old dresssomething that I am ashamed to wearthe dirt on it feels like goldwhen it compels me to hide myself·RELATED QUESTIONWhat is the best place to find custom embroidered patches?Hi,This is absolutely depends on where you are staying. There are two ways you can get the custom embroidered patchesOnlineLocal ShopsI have done some research on the places you might get the embroidered patches but I would prefer it to buy it from local shops so that the shipping is fast and secure.Here are the list of sites you can buy customized embroidered patches depending on your location,UK : Patchion .ukIreland: embroidered-patches .ieGermany: wundernadel .dePoland: Naszywki .plFrance: Patches .frAustria: wundernadel .atCzechia: vysivane .czUnited States: e-patches .comCanada: e-patches .caAustralia: patchoz .comIf you are a No-Profit organization then I would recommend you to check with Mundi Plumarii Foundation: Mundi Plumarii Foundation- They have some amazing collection of embroidered patches for your needs.I hope this helps.Thank you.
Is This a Prom Or Wedding Dress?
Is This a Prom Or Wedding Dress?
ok, firstly, there is not any such element as a "actual" wedding ceremony gown. there grew to become right into a time while women human beings only wore their appropriate gown to their weddings, and wore it lower back numerous situations. Secondly, that's not significant how plenty you spend on it (somewhat), what concerns is the way it feels to you. each bride could have that "it is THE gown" 2d. in case you have no longer had it yet, then save looking, and placed on the Dillard's gown to the prepare consultation dinner or yet another party. Thirdly, it would not could be high priced to look stylish and impressive. in case you look great interior the gown, you like it, and that's smart to your wedding ceremony, then choose for it! only verify that it is the stylish and impressive variety of promenade gown, no longer the cheesy pop-celebrity style1. Help finding the perfect wedding dress?!?I agree with ssmel, make an appointment at a good bridal shop and let them suggest something. This is their job and they know what to suggest. I would go with an A line style, mermaid, one with ruching up one side, love a sweetheart neckline and a halter style always to me makes the body look long and thinner. No train, maybe a mini train and no big puffy ball gown style2. What holds a wedding dress up?Some people do wear strapless bras under their dresses, but some styles have very well made built in bras that hug you very tightly. They have cups and boning built into then that squeeze (not uncomfortably) your waist/rib cage to keep it up. Basically with strapless gowns its all boob/chest power, which usually is not strong enough to last the whole day and thus the bride struggles with yanking her dress up for her entire reception. That's why heavily beaded and detailed dresses, dresses that are very big and puffy and have long trains combined with the strapless look are not the best idea. Wedding gowns are heavy! Few women have boobs powerful enough to keep them elevated for 8 hours.3. Picking 0ut wedding dress!?When dress shopping bring along a picture of the kind of wedding dress you are looking for. This can then be handed to the assistant who can immediately put you in the right direction, saving you time and stress. Do not take too many people wedding dress shopping. Remember it is your day and nobody knows what you like better than you. At most take your closest friends or family who share your taste, but do not overdo it, or risk losing your input into your wedding dress. If you are having difficulty choosing between two or three dresses a good tip is to take pictures of them on and glance at them from time to time. Over time you will begin to form a favourite4. Can wedding dress be altered?I have done quite a few wedding dress alterations. Its usually easier to take things in than to let them out. Beads are not too much of a problem in altering, just a little time consuming, as you have to remove quite a few, the area that is being taken in and a bit past the new seam, as sewing over beads just does not work (sometimes they break) So after taking in seams, some of the beads need to be sewn back on. Like I said, its time consuming but doable. The only trouble can come if there is any elaborate embroidery or if the neckline is complicated. Find someone that knows what they are doing, ask around for recommendations, some people think they know how to sew but do not , so make sure that you find someone competent. This is a dress you do not want to have messed up...5. What are some stores that sell tea-length wedding dress's under 100 dollars?Come on really? Its your mf' wedding atleast spend 500 bucks! You wont find a dress that cheap unless you go to salvation army or goodwill6. Opinions: wedding dress or a better ring?If it was an engagement ring, I would say get a nicer ring...but since it's your wedding band, I would get a simple band and get a nice gown. This is your one and only time to wear a wedding dress.
What Book Should I Read to Learn All I Need to Know About the Stock Market?
What Book Should I Read to Learn All I Need to Know About the Stock Market?
What book should I read to learn all I need to know about the stock market?No one book is going to provide all the answers for investing, No one knows all they need to know about stocks I started with stocks in grade school, and I am still learning. But you can see how the pros have done it. Start by reading, What Works on Wall Street by James O'Shaunessey, Beating the Street and One Up on Wall Street both by Peter Lynch, The Warren Buffett Way by Robert Hagstrom, Trading For A Living by Alexander Elder; "Mastering the Trade" by John Caster; "How to Make Money in Stocks" by William O'Neil; and The Disciplined Trader by Mark Douglas Get into the habit of making daily visits to some websites like MSN Money and Yahoo Finance. While at MSN read the Commentaries by Jim Jubak, Jon Markman, Harry Domash, and Liz Pullman Weston. Following the strategy lab analysts to get a feel for what the pro's are doing and why. This site has some basic information for beginners. If any site offers free information, take it. Good luck, stay with it and the only regret you will have is that you did not start sooner.— — — — — —Don't trust the Po-lice, no justice, no peace...They got me, face down in the middle of the street?The Police do a rough job so I am a bit uneasy around them but they are necessary, are not they? What would you do without them? RE: >Do not trust the Po-lice, no justice, no peace...They got me, face down in the middle of the street? >— — — — — —Where in Vegas can I get big obnoxious drinks?i got one while at the excalibur poolside, and it was strong! if you get it off the street on the strip might not be as strong— — — — — —About the debt limit and social security, what does this mean?I wonder if it translates to SSD, 'cause then I am out on the street if it is— — — — — —Are their more street cats than pet cats?Definitely, most stray and feral cats die of car accidents or starvation/thirst. And they keep "multiplying" because they are not spayed and neutered. If you are thinking of getting a cat visit an animal shelter or take one from the street! (Just make sure you take it to the vet to make sure it does not have any diseases). Its better than just buying one from a pet shop, and just think, you would have saved a poor life!— — — — — —I wanna be a HIP, HIP-HOPPITY RAP STAR!!! I got the glasses and the attitude and even most of the lyrics.....Cme2bleve, Girl I think you be good at it, the Hip-Hop n Rap, whatever. You tear up the street I will be watching, with joy, you are able, go for it, Friend Jimmy— — — — — —My Jewish Friends: To whom do you give tzedakah?My charity money goes to my local synagogue, to Chabad, and to homeless people on the street— — — — — —how LIKELY is my BOYFRIEND to get in trouble?To be honest they will most likely not be able to trace it back to him unless he brags about it on facebook or something. He should go try to return it so nobody gets in an accident, and if the police or someone asks him about it he can say he found it just down the street— — — — — —How do home schoolers socialize?Walk down the street in downtown and say hello to everybody, just be sure that your parent/guardian is nearby, would not want to be manhandled or kidnapped or something— — — — — —my four year old has been playing out in the street for a year now.....?are you insane.nuts crazy or what.I dont even let 6 year olds outside by themselves let alone the street— — — — — —What would you do with your dog(s) in an emergency?Well i think we would open up the door to our house and run across the street to a person who we know— — — — — —If you had seen the things I’ve seen, you would know?Now I know there is sick people walking down the street. You should be in a mental institution. Go and register there, mate, go quickly. Oh just shut up and go now. GO! GO! GO!
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