Please Help Me : This Is Really Hard!!? People That Know About History Come Here Please???

Here you go: (Last couple sentences) Lenin became increasing concerned about Stalin's character and wrote a testament in which he suggested that he be removed. "Comrade Stalin, having become General Secretary, has concentrated enormous power in his hands: and I am not sure that he always knows how to use that power with sufficient caution. I therefore propose to our comrades to consider a means of removing Stalin from this post and appointing someone else who differs from Stalin in one weighty respect: being more tolerant, more loyal, more polite, more considerate of his comrades." However, Lenin died before any action was taken. Stalin now emerged as the leader of the Soviet Union. When he first gained power Stalin continued Lenin's New Economic Policy. Farmers were allowed to sell food on the open market and were allowed to employ people to work for them. Those farmers who expanded the size of their farms became known as kulaks. In 1928 Stalin began attacking kulaks for not supplying enough food for industrial workers. He also advocated the setting up of collective farms. The proposal involved small farmers joining forces to form large-scale units. In this way, it was argued, they would be in a position to afford the latest machinery. Stalin believed this policy would lead to increased production. However, the peasants liked farming their own land and were reluctant to form themselves into state collectives. Stalin was furious that the peasants were putting their own welfare before that of the Soviet Union. Local communist officials were given instructions to confiscate kulaks property. This land was then used to form new collective farms. Thousands of kulaks were executed and an estimated five million were deported to Siberia or Central Asia. Of these, approximately twenty-five per cent perished by the time they reached their destination.

• Related Questions

What is protectionism? Why do states engage in protectionism as opposed to free trade?

Free trade works when there is equality of industrial and social structures between countries, with equivalent control of safety and quality of goods and services. If these are not present, then free trade can lead to either the domination of a market by the "best" producers; or else unscrupulous "dumping" of cheap-and-nasty goods by the "worst" producers. Protectionism is the limiting of imports by use of tariffs import taxes, quotas and embargoes. These limitations may apply to: - Categories of products and services; such as automobiles,or agri-produce, or pharmaceuticals and so on because there are concerns over their quality and safety - Individual countries whose policies and/or actions have antagonized the domestic government - The whole world to prevent the dumping of cheap products in "unfair" competition with domestic output - To maintain an acceptable balance of trade with individual countries or the whole world. Protectionism is applied by almost every country, usually with the political explanation that it is necessary to save jobs and employment generally, to ensure safety and hygiene, or to punish objectionable regimes. At this moment, USA tries to operate with free-trade, but is running an annual trade deficit of about US$600 billion, with a high proportion of that related to imports from China 20% of all imports. And yet, the US government regards much of Chinese industry as low-cost, low-skill, low-quality and planning uneconomic over-production. As a result, unemployment in USA is rising and millions of Americans are buying Chinese imports in food, machinery, industrial raw materials, drugs and pharma-products. Some of them are suspected of being "dumped" at price-below-cost to maintain Chinese industry at the expense of US industry. There are people in government and industry who believe that USA should protect itself from this sort of trade. In addition to China, other countries engage in these sorts of imports to USA, including Russia, Korea, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Myanmar/Burma, Honduras, Guatemala and many other developing countries.

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Which statement best describes the Industrial Revolution?

a. important inventions changed lives across Europe The Industrial Revolution was a period from the 18th to the 19th century where major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation, and technology had a profound effect on the socioeconomic and cultural conditions of the times. It began in the United Kingdom, then subsequently spread throughout Europe, North America, and eventually the world. The Industrial Revolution marks a major turning point in human history; almost every aspect of daily life was influenced in some way. Most notably, average income and population began to exhibit unprecedented sustained growth. In the two centuries following 1800, the world's average per capita income increased over 10-fold, while the world's population increased over 6-fold. In the words of Nobel Prize winner Robert E. Lucas, Jr., "For the first time in history, the living standards of the masses of ordinary people have begun to undergo sustained growth. ... Nothing remotely like this economic behavior has happened before." Starting in the later part of the 18th century, there began a transition in parts of Great Britain's previously manual labour and draft-animalbased economy towards machine-based manufacturing. It started with the mechanisation of the textile industries, the development of iron-making techniques and the increased use of refined coal. Trade expansion was enabled by the introduction of canals, improved roads and railways. The introduction of steam power fuelled primarily by coal, wider utilisation of water wheels and powered machinery (mainly in textile manufacturing) underpinned the dramatic increases in production capacity. The development of all-metal machine tools in the first two decades of the 19th century facilitated the manufacture of more production machines for manufacturing in other industries. The effects spread throughout Western Europe and North America during the 19th century, eventually affecting most of the world, a process that continues as industrialisation. The impact of this change on society was enormous

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need an essay or points on industralization,nuclear disposes deforestation and greenhouse effect??

Industrialization versus agrarian based society: the agrarian based society is labor intensive because every possession must be made by hand. The food is planted and harvested by hand or with the assistance from animals. In an industrial society, machines are built and used to automate the manufacture of goods and to reduce the labor required for the planting and harvesting of crops, but this machinery requires the consumption of stored energy, whether it be from fossil fuels or some other source. Nuclear is a source of energy that is not considered a fossil fuel, but the fissile material must be mined and refined. All mining brings up toxins from deep within the crust and pollutes the biosphere. The spent fissile material is extremely dangerous. The "greenhouse effect" is a myth. The carbon cycle is a natural cycle and there would not be any fossil fuels if there was not at one time life to absorb that carbon into a carbon based life form to be buried and turned into coal. This is proof that all oil and carbon can be burned up and released as CO2 and the planet will still be liveable. The greatest danger to life is the continued mining which is mixing more and more toxins into the biosphere. The burning of fossil fuels also releases toxins into the biosphere as fossil fuels are mined. However, the use of trees as a source of fuel is clean as the carbon released is taken back up by growing plants. The more CO2 that is in the air, the faster the plants grow. The limiting factors on plant growth include sunlight, water, soil, and CO2. It would be wise to irrigate forests to speed growth in times of drought. Deforestation results from clearcutting followed by erosion and drought. The presence of trees encourages rain so that clearcutting actually changes the weather patterns.

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What was the effect of the Industrial Revolution on the lives of the people that time?

The industrial revolution was the driving force behind social change between the 18th and 19th centuries. It changed nearly all aspects of life through new inventions, new legislation, and spawned a new economy. As a result of many new inventions such as the steam engine, locomotive and powered looms production and transportation of goods radically changed. With new mechanized machinery factories could be built and used to mass produce goods at a rate that human labor could never achieve. When the new factories were built they were often located in cities which led to the migration of people from rural landscapes to an urban center. With an increase in goods the economy began to surge. The only way for the industrial revolution to continue expanding was through individual investors or financiers. This led to the founding of banks to help regulate and handle the flow of money, and by 1800 London had around 70 banks. As the price of machinery and factories climbed the people who had the ability to provide capital became extremely important. In pre-industrial Europe it was common for children to learn a skill or trade from their father, and open a business of their own in their mid twenties. During the industrial revolution, instead of learning a trade, children were paid menial wages to be the primary workers in textile mills and mines. Sending boys up chimneys to clean them was a common practice, and a dangerous and cruel one. Lord Ashley became the chief advocate of the use of chimney-sweeping machinery and of legislation to require its use. During the industrial revolution, factories were criticized for long work hours, deplorable conditions, and low wages. Children as young as 5 and 6 could be forced to work a 12-16 hour day and earn as little as 4 shillings per week. Finally seeing a problem with child labor the British parliament passed three acts that helped regulate child labor.

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ethical concerns related to introduction of new technology?

the following extract is from PDF at the web page (below) discusses: ETHICAL ISSUES IN TECHNOLOGY What kind of ethical issues should we be concerned with? One such issue is the traditional one associated with technological change and which goes by the term Luddism. The term originated from a series of disturbances in Yorkshire in England in 1812 when croppers (shearmen) endeavored to stem the rapid rise and installation of the cloth dressing machinery. Though the Luddites ultimately were unsuccessful in preventing technological innovation, and the name often seems to imply a kind of blind unreasoning opposition to technological change, it is often forgotten that they had good reasons for their hostility. Though we regard the devices about which they were protesting as ultimately helpful, we forget that a single spinning Jenny displaced some nine or ten warp spinners and thirteen or fourteen abb (weft) spinners while a scribbling engine displaced fifteen or sixteen scribblers. One man using a gig mill could do what a dozen shearmen had done before, while the shearing frame made an additional three or four shearmen redundant. Scribblers and shearmen each accounted for around IS percent of the pre-industrial adult male work force in England, and so the , result was a massive displacement as the men involved in such situations found their skills useless and their labor superfIous when new machinery was introduced. This, to my mind, raises a moral issue which no humanist can ignore, although it is not the introduction of the technological developments which raise the moral issue, but the lack of concern over what happens to the people involved. Technological development tends to imply change, and often this ultimately is for the better, but we need to be concerned about what happens to the individual during such a period of change. more at web page

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