Return Current in 8 Layer Stackup

I prefer stack B and I would do my best to get as much of the Vcc layer onto spare areas of the signal layers. This means that more of VCC layer can be used for GND.I am assuming you having components only on the top layer (signal1 layer).

• Related Questions

Help understanding a Magnetic Levitation Physics Toy

What you are looking for is contained in these two articles, explaining the physics of the "Magnetic Levitron" ... pretty cool stuff.Stability of Levitrons (Dullin, Easton) Levitron: An Adiabatic Trap for Spins (Berry)

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Are any large restaurant chains pursuing better alternatives to recyclable packaging?

Loop Industries is promoting their reusable packaging, and has deals with some large brands, though mostly in the cleaning and personal care (as opposed to foods) - like Tide, Clorox and Cascade.

Brands working with Loop Industries Loop provides reusable totes and packaging, along with delivery, pickup and cleaning/sterilization. See how it works for more details

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How to track character resources (spells, ammo, items) closed

My former group put their sheets in clear plastic pockets and used permanent markers to tick of non-permanent information (and used a cloth and various rubbing alcohol products to wipe it clean). I bought an eyeglass cleaning product and emptied it out in the sink, because I needed to spray capability of the container

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How much thermal paste should apply to the CPU?

That depends on the paste you are using. I use a non-conducting colloidal silver paste and apply just a small, grain of rice sized, dab in the middle and spread it out with a plastic bag protected finger. The surface of the die has to be immaculate as in cleaned with acetone first

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Where can I find a set of these 'logic' blocks?

There are several vendors, but I was unable to find shapes that differ in holiness. Instead, they are different in size, color, shape and thickness.They seem to go by the name attribute blocks or logic blocks.

They are available at amazon or, as @AmyB said in the comments, here:

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What kind of plastic is (really) safe to store vegetable oil?

If you are concerned, I would suggest that high-density poly ethylene (HDPE) or poly propylene (PP) to be better options. HDPE is a heavy duty plastic resistant to most chemicals and physical deformation- it is often used for household products including bleach, detergent etc, but is also commonly used for milk bottles and the like

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Plastifying rusty integrated dish drying rack (food contact)

They are completely safe for use. But before you apply one of these plastic products, first get some rust reducer. Sand or scrape to remove most of the rust, and then apply the rust reducer. These reverse the oxidation process as well as providing a smooth surface suitable for painting or covering with those plastic products.

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Where do I purchase a Windows 10 product key online? closed

Just go to Microsoft.com select Store from the Microsoft home page should do the trick. Go to the bottom of - and shows it as $199.00 - Just keep going as you have the option to "Buy Windows 10" and download right away - Not Upgrade.

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Is Perlite safe to use in the home or will it cause health issues?

It's impossible to work with perlite without making clouds of fine dust. I use it indoors but I try to be very careful how I pour it out of the bag. Once it's mixed with soil or wet the dust isn't an issue but particulate matter like that can cause lung issues maybe even cancer.

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Thin profile wire joins and forks

Wago Lever-nuts are good for quick reliable connections. I use them all the time when assembling test fixtures or making temporary connections. Wire nuts are also good if the connection is meant to be permanent. Although I haven't used them these seem to be lower profile and maybe closer to what you are looking for

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Mulching or Mini Septic for Solid Dog Waste?

There are many studies (about health and approving it) about convert Human Waste into a Safe Garden Compost Fertilizer. In that way, it seems plausible that the same can be done with cat/dog feces.For more information about "how to convert Human Waste into a Safe Garden Compost Fertilizer", plase create a new question.

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Can I use a Film to wrap something?

"Film" normally refers only to the specific type of wrapping known (at least in the US) by the most common brand name, "Saran Wrap".Otherwise things like candies are said to be individually wrapped in plastic (or paper). Store-bought products that are covered in a thin plastic film are said to be shrink-wrapped.

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What makes cables suitable or unsuitable for a given purpose?

The video's most likely to pickup noise from the digital signals,

audio at headphone power level won't pick up or interfere with any of those signals noticeably. using a separate shielded cable for the video could be a win but you may find that an off-the-shelf video balun works well enough.

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Plastic enclosure for small product closed

I agree with Ian, try to use a existing box.A tip is to get a label-printer that can print labels with a nice graphical logo,

a productname, serienumber etc etc. It's a cheap way of transforming a boring black box into something that looks a little bit more professional.Maybe something like this?

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Replacing leaking Scalemaster scale inhibitor

It looks like the unit has been damaged on installation, likely heat damage. The product is plastic so heat is going to cause a problem. It does state this in the instructions. Follow the instructions in the box and you won't go wrong. DO NOT subject the unit to direct heat, chemicals or other corrosive materials

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Round Bottom Flask with Inner Coating

I've seen a couple of companies making flasks entirely from PTFE or PFA, which might be suitable. They may not hold up to heating with internal vacuum though, for example, check out the notes here.And yes, the typical safety coatings are on the outside to hold the glass together on fracture.

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Improvising a temporary skylight?

You know what would probably work really well, and offer superb protection in the process? A clear glass baking dish. Pre-shaped, tough as nails and fairly inexpensive (you can probably do better at shopping than I did).Plop it down on a 3/8" bead of pure silicone caulk (clear, of course) and walk away.

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How to build plastic prototype? closed

The company I work for uses 3d printing for all our prototypes. I think you'd be surprised how good the tolerances are for printed objects. You'll see print lines on these objects, but that's nothing a little sanding won't take care of.

To see how advanced 3d printing has gotten, see

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Building a phone charger 500 years ago

Why can't you take out the battery and connect it to Volta's pile (4 of them), that is 4.4V when fully charged, this is more than enough for Li-Ion battery operating at 4.2V, you can ignore 0.2V overvolt I'm sure battery can handle that. As soon as you connect pile to battery, pile's voltage will drop

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Bottom bracket tool for Shimano BB-R60 Ultegra 6800/105 5800 Hollowtech ii?

The Park BBT-59 is the main one you'll see. (If you scroll down a little on your link to it, you'll see it says it's the one for BBR60.) A less expensive one from Lifu/Icetoolz now exists and I see it can be found on ebay if you search for "icetoolz m093.

" It's 1/2in drive.

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Looking for a sci-fi dystopian story where the main characters are trained children duplicate

It sounds a little bit like the first part of "Hybrid Children of the Stars", but it's a young boy and a girl who escape, and they escape through a portal (to Earth), not by breaking out.

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Small space between Cooler and GPU - how to secure components

Your graphics card will not be damaged. Running it in the 4x slot is how you can achieve crossfire on lower end motherboards. Putting some duct tape over the wire so that it doesn't scratch or otherwise damage the card is a good idea. Don't worry you sound like you're on top of it.

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Render Glass like materials with Alpha Channel to composite in external app

Sounds like what you need is a Shadow Catcher material, unfortunately that doesn't exist in Blender at the moment, as of version 2.78.It is currently being developed and may be ready for release for the next 2.79 version.Until then you may risk playing around with it with a Development unstable build from Graphicall.

org.

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What is the role of re-enforcing mesh in plastering, when is it required, and which mesh types are prefered?

The main purposes of the mesh are to:Is it required? Probably not.

Is it a good idea? Yes, absolutely!I've only seen the metal lath-type used in outdoor applications or for products like stucco. The lighter-weight and less expensive products like plastic or fiberglass are often used indoors and are preferred these days.

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Does this exist - 'screwdriver gun' with cartridge to automatically load new screws?

There are systems. Your question made me do a search.An interesting version is StickScrew and they do screws down to M2.Figure 1. The StickScrews come in sticks. These are inserted through the rear of the tool and the screw snaps off when torqued. The screws have hex heads.See a 30 s StickScrew video on YouTube

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Non-glass baking containers for both microwave and oven use

The material you'd want is silicone.For example, there are silicone baking molds. They are often used in professional kitchen settings, but I'm sure you find find some online. Here's an example.There are probably other kinds of silicone containers that can handle oven well, and they can definitely handle microwave.

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Alternative options to change sex-based characteristics in a non-modern world setting?

This is a non-medical approach...

One thing to consider is the use of language - for instance in Thai, the speaker identifies her/his/their gender through a verbal element:

A woman says sawadi-ka (hello), while a man says sawadi-krap (hello).

So a transgender person could transition through the use of the suffix...

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Toy-like plastic strip for allowing turn-on

A strip of paper between two neodymium magnets would achieve this - connections can be soldered to the other sides and the magnets would not need to be very big if weight is an issue. A stiff strip and magnets with beveled edges would allow the strip to be re-inserted easily

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A pox on plastic bags duplicate

Although not the answer sought, this was the main plot point of the first program of the BBC TV series 'Doomwatch' and was also released as a book; the TV episode was first aired in Feb 1970 (and I watched it then), slightly pre-dating Ringworld though they will have been independently developed in an overlapping time frame

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Is it safe to drink from Pick A Brick cups?

The Pick-a-Brick cups are made from polypropylene, as evidenced by the #5 resin identification code on the bottom. Polypropylene is widely considered a safe plastic for storing food and drink, and it is stable at very high temperatures (i.e., temperatures higher than your dishwasher). I would feel comfortable drinking out of one of the cups

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What kind of cheese skin is this?

That's called the "rind". It's the outer layer of cheese, hardened by the drying process, and colored brown with food coloring in order to imitate more artisinal smoked cheeses (where it would be actually brown due to smoke). It's perfectly edible, and doesn't generally taste any different from the rest of the cheese food

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Routers that are compatible with Time Machine

The Eero router is a good solution; not only does it create a mesh network (meaning it's easier to access the internet and upload files to your Time Capsule from remote corners of a house) but it also is significantly faster. I have had great success with eero Time Capsule for months. Eero's websiteEero on Amazon

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Burn stains inside microwave

I would get a professional micro-wave cleaning liquid: Acetone is a prohibited product in some countries nowadays as it's highly flammable and slightly toxic whereas in some countries it's still readily available in cheap nail polish remover. As it's a strong solvent, it will damage most plastics including white plastic microwaves

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When sanding spindles how far should I go?

If the thick paint is attached well sand all the irregular bumps and brush marks out or they will show when you repaint.

I use Floetrol when I want a brush stroke free finish.

The Floetrol makes a very nice finish when you have to use a brush,and want a satin finish.

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Gigabyte 970A-UD3P - FX-8320e - Kingston Hyper X Beast 8GB 1866Mhz - Posting problems

Ok, this is really weird... I got the fan off, did not move the cpu at all, did not replace thermal paste, got the fan on again exactly like the first time AND IT BOOTED... it found a corruption in bios which it restored and all is well again in the world

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In an interstellar/interplanetary civilization, which would be most common/cheapest in the market: Plastic or metals?

Depends on the technology of the society, and how easy they find it to get into space from the bottom of a gravity well. There are asteroids entirely made of metal, but Titan has entire hydrocarbon oceans that could be pumped up and processed much more easily than asteroids can be mined

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Plastic 'nurdles' Found Littering Uk Beaches - Bbc News
A search of 279 beaches around the UK has found that almost three-quarters of them were littered with tiny plastic "nurdles".Volunteers signed up to search their local shoreline, ranging between Shetland and the Scilly Isles, for the lentil-sized pellets, used as a raw material to make plastic products. They can cause damage to such wildlife as birds and fish, which eat them.The findings will be reflected in a government study into microplastics.Campaigners estimate that up to 53 billion of the tiny pellets escape into the UK's environment each year. This happens during the manufacture, transport or use of plastic products. The nurdles are often spilt accidentally into rivers and oceans or fall into drains where they are washed out to sea.Experts warn nurdles can soak up chemical pollutants from their surroundings and then release toxins into the animals that eat them.The Great Winter Nurdle Hunt survey was carried out by 600 volunteers over a weekend in early February.The largest number recorded were found at Widemouth Bay, Cornwall, where 33 volunteers collected some 127,500 pellets found on a 100-metre stretch of beach.But there were some beach hunts that yielded no nurdles at all, including Spurn Point in Yorkshire and Sully beach in south Wales. Nurdles are one of the main sources of "primary microplastics" - small pieces of plastic which have come from larger items broken down into little bits - in European seas.Madeleine Berg of Fidra, a Scottish environmental charity which organised the hunt, said it showed action was needed. "Simple precautionary measures can help spillages and ensure nurdles don't end up in our environment," she said."We are asking the UK government to ensure best practice is in place along the full plastic supply chain, and any further nurdle pollution is stopped."One of the companies that has signed up to Fidra's Operation Clean Sweep is Scottish hauliers, John Mitchell, who distribute plastic pellets. Each of their transporters are fitted with spill kits and black bin bags to collect spilled pellets, which are then recycled. Plastic oceans: What do we know?The beaches where Lego washes upThe findings come after another campaign by Fidra, which saw Johnson & Johnson announce that their cotton buds will no longer have plastic stems.As of this week, the multinational company will change their buds from plastic to paper in almost half the world's countries, including the whole of Europe, in an attempt to cut marine pollution.Plastic stems are one of the most common items of litter found on UK beaches. They end up in our oceans after the cotton buds - which are not supposed to be flushed down the toilet - enter the sewage system.Waitrose, John Lewis, Marks and Spencer and the Body Shop are among the brands already selling non-plastic cotton buds. A further 10 retailers including Tesco, Boots and Mothercare have said they will change from plastic to paper stems by the end of 2017.
Forum Calls for Ban on More Plastic Items
The Forum for Good Governance (FGG), in a letter to Chief Secretary S.K. Joshi, expressed serious concern over the rampant use of single-use plastic carry bags, and requested the government to take action to impose ban on 10 kinds of plastic products in the State, as curbing the carry bags alone is not a feasible option.Delineating at length about the harmful effects of plastic dumped in the open, the letter says it is impossible to detect the manufacture and use of plastic carry bags less than 50 microns in thickness. Technology for production of plastic sheet or carry bags is the same for those less than or more than 50 micron thickness, and people cannot know the exact thickness, the letter said. Civic bodies are unable to cope with the hazards posed by plastic waste, as people throw it indiscriminately. States such as Karnataka have imposed ban on many items as there are alternatives made with biodegradable materials, the letter noted.The National Green Tribunal, too, has upheld the legal validity of total ban on plastics imposed by Karnataka, and the Supreme Court has refused to stay the NGT order, in response to an appeal by plastic industry. Maharashtra, too, has imposed a total ban, and is enforcing it, the letter said, before requesting the government to ban carry bags, banners, buntings, flexis, flags, plates, cups, spoons, cling films, sheets on the dining table, besides items made of thermocol and use of plastic micro beads.
Plastics Explained, From a to Z
The world of plastic contains many confusing terms, as we discovered while reporting on and researching the topic for our June issue of National Geographic magazine. Even the most well-intentioned plastic consumer may have a hard time sorting out "good" plastics from bad. So we've prepared a short glossary to help demystify some of the terminology.Additives Chemicals added during the manufacture of plastic products to make them stronger, safer, more or less flexible, and impart a range of other desired characteristics are known as additives. Common additives include water repellents, flame retardants, stiffeners, softeners, pigments, and UV inhibitors. Some of these additives may contain potentially toxic substances.Biodegradable A biodegradable product should break down into natural raw materials by microorganisms within a reasonable period of time. "Biodegrade" is more thorough than "break down" or "degrade"-when many plastics today are said to "break down," they just become smaller pieces of plastic. There is no widely accepted standard for labeling a product "biodegradable," meaning that there is no clear way to define what it means, and manufacturers apply it inconsistently. Some states are banning the term until a clear standard is agreed upon.Bioplastics This very flexible term is currently used for a whole spectrum of plastics, encompassing both fossil-fuel- and biologically based plastics that are biodegradable and biologically-based plastics that are not biodegradable. In other words, there is no guarantee that a "bioplastic" will be made from a non-toxic, non-fossil-fuel source, or that it will biodegrade.This graphic from European Bioplastics lists several of the main types of bioplastics.Compostable For an object to be compostable, it must be able to break down into its natural elements (or biodegrade) within a "reasonable composting environment," which is variable. Some plastics are compostable, though most won't compost in a typical backyard compost pile. Instead, they require much higher heat at a specific duration in order to fully biodegrade.According to Rhodes Yepsen of the Biodegradable Products Institute , "Standards and certifications do exist for compostable plastics (those that biodegrade in a composting environment), but most are only certified for industrial-scale composting, which reaches at least 130 degrees... Compostable plastics are part of residential and commercial food scraps composting programs in major cities like San Francisco, Seattle, Minneapolis, and New York, but these programs are not available everywhere, and some composters accept food only, fearing contamination." Ghost nets/fishing/gear Fishing gear-much of it made of plastic-that has been abandoned, discarded, or lost is often called ghost gear. This includes nets, lines, traps, buoys, and other material. This debris can entangle and kill sea life, including turtles, whales, sharks, dolphins, seals, fish, and seabirds. It can also smother coral.One estimate says that hundreds of thousands of tons of fishing gear are left in the ocean each year.Microplastics Microplastics are plastic particles that measure less than five millimeters in their longest dimension. There are two types of microplastics: primary and secondary.Primary microplastics include resin pellets that are melted down to manufacture plastic products-also known as nurdles-and microbeads added to products such as cosmetics, soaps, and toothpaste as abrasives. Secondary microplastics result from the fragmentation of larger plastic items. Microfibers are individual plastic filaments that are woven together to make fabrics like polyester, nylon, acrylic, and so on. Regular wear-and-tear and laundering release microfibers into the air and water.Ocean garbage patches Thanks to the action of ocean currents, marine debris often collects within ocean gyres (see below), forming what's known as a garbage "patch." In the largest gyres, these "patches" can span a million square miles. The majority of the material is plastic.The term patch is a misnomer as it suggests trash so thick it resembles floating islands. Actually, the patches look more like a peppery soup, because most of the debris is microplastics and because the trash is found throughout the water column, rather than just floating on the surface. One of the largest concentrations of marine debris is called the Great Pacific Garbage Patch (or Eastern Pacific Garbage Patch) and is located between California and Hawaii in the North Pacific Ocean.Ocean gyres There are five major gyres on Earth, which are large systems of rotating ocean currents created by global winds and tides: the North and South Pacific Gyres, the North and South Atlantic Gyres, and the Indian Ocean Gyre. Gyres collect and concentrate marine debris into large garbage patches. All the major gyres currently have garbage patches, and new patches are frequently being found in smaller gyres.PET PET, or polyethylene terephthalate, is one of the most widely used polymers, or plastics. It is a clear, strong and lightweight plastic belonging to the polyester family. It is used to make common household items such as fibers, fabrics, beverage bottles, and food jars.Polymers Plastics, also called polymers, are produced by linking together small building blocks, or unit cells. Those building blocks, which chemists call monomers, are made up of groups of atoms that are derived from natural products or by the synthesis of primary chemicals from oil, natural gas, or coal. For some plastics, such as polyethylene, the repeat unit can be just one carbon atom and two hydrogen atoms. For other plastics, such as nylons, the repeat unit can involve 38 or more atoms. Once assembled, the chains of monomers become strong, light, and durable, which makes them so useful-and so problematic when they're disposed of carelessly.Single-stream recycling A system in which all recyclables-newspaper, cardboard, plastic, metal, glass-are placed in a single bin for recycling. The recyclables are sorted at the recycling center by machines and by hand rather than by homeowners. This approach has pros and cons. Supporters say it increases participation in recycling by the public, but detractors say it leads to more contamination-causing some recyclables to end up in landfills-and is more expensive to process.Single-use plastics Plastic products designed to be used only once, such as thin grocery bags and the film packaging that seals everything from food to toys, is known as single-use plastic. Some 40 percent of all non-fiber plastics produced are used for packaging. Environmentalists often encourage people to reduce their use of single-use plastics and to instead opt for more durable multi-use items, such as metal water bottles or cotton totes.
Plastic Contract Manufacturing
Plastic contract manufacturing is the process of manufacturing plastic products on a contract basis. There are many contract manufacturers of plastic products, rubber products and other specialty chemical products. They produce fabricated and extruded plastic products. The plastic fabrication facility of most of the plastic contract manufacturers include the latest Computerized Numerical Control (CNC) routers, mills and lathes for top quality machining of plastic parts and products. Plastic contract manufacturers handle plastic fabrication, CNC machining and CNC turning projects. They usually make plastic products from both natural and synthetic materials. Contract manufacturing of plastic provides plastic products of high abrasion resistance, high tensile strength, high tear strength and good oil resistance.Plastic contract manufacturers usually make plastic products, components and assemblies at the lowest possible prices. They work together with their customers to determine the materials needed, time taken, design specifications, production developments and certifications required. Contract manufacturers of plastics come up with plastic products in any size, design or quantity, according to the needs of the customer. Most contract manufacturers have a full range of services for design engineering and manufacturing of plastic products.Plastic contract manufacturing mainly focuses on the quality, repeatability and performance of plastic products. Some contract manufacturers specialize in producing the plastic components for high precision electronic and electrical products, consumer products, automobile products and parts. Many of them also manufacture the press components and precision components of other engineering plastics. Plastic contract manufacturers usually manufacture containers, jars, jigs and fixtures. Generally, contract manufactures use advanced technologies in injection blow molding and compression molding to produce high precision components for electronics and electrical plastics. The materials used in plastic contract manufacturing include low density polyethylene (LDPE), linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE), polypropylene (PP), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and high density polyethylene (HDPE).Injection molding is widely used for thermoplastics. This process avoids the hardening of plastic in the machine. Injection molding helps to produce more accurate moldings having better control on the material usage. Many contract manufacturers of plastic specialize in the manufacturing dies for injection molded products such as plastic compounds, fan regulators, fan regulator switches, electrical rotary switches, fuse boxes and other special purpose machine parts.
What Is in My Plastic Reducing Starter Kit
In my last post I introduced my plastic waste reducing experiment. I'm pleased to report that roughly three weeks in, our household waste across our black (landfill) and brown (recycling) bins is already close to our target of half what it used to be. I'm even more pleased that this experiment has got other people trying the same, and inspired much discussion on Facebook. It has also inspired me to keep going, and share more about what's working or not.As part of this experiment, I've been trying out a lot of alternatives to plastic products, that would usually result in some form of plastic waste. It's not been particularly easy to source all of these products, and in some cases they are better bought in bulk. To provide a shortcut for others, I have put together a 'Free yourself from Plastics box', which I've been sharing with some people as gifts. In this post I'll describe the contents and where to buy items.Recap of the photo of the box here:Resusable (E-Coffee) cup - Made from bamboo and dishwasher safe, with various beautiful designs. We've found that having a few of these means we can grab one or two when heading out on a day trip, whilst others are in the dishwasher. Those who know my husband Geoff, know he loves his coffee, and he was burning through throw-away cups, which is now no longer the case.Beeswax wrap (Abeego) - These are reusable wraps that can be used to keep leftovers fresh (instead of cling film or food bags). I've also taken them shopping and had cheese (for example) put directly into the wrap. They are not cheap, but can be used for months on end. Available here.Reusable food container / net bags - I've started taking containers with me when I shop, to hold smaller items of food, instead of taking the plastic bags provided. The net bags are for bread / veg and stainless steel containers are for fish / meat and can be put straight in the fridge. I've put my old plastic storage boxes aside as the more I read about plastics in general, the more worried I became about plasticisers potentially leaking into food. My old plastic boxes won't be thrown, but used for non food storage.Washable dishcloth - no more J-cloths. The washable one in the pic was knitted by Gill, my mother-in-law. We have a couple and wash one out every other day or so. I've found a lovely lady nearby who is knitting me several more to go in the boxes - I can share her details for anybody interested.Compostable dishwashing - In the pic above there is a coconut fibre scourer and a natural loufah (for non-stick items). There is also a brush with a replaceable head, made from natural plant fibres. They seem to last longer than the plastic scourers that we'd throw in the bin at least once a week, and can be composted after use. [Probably worth saying here that we are forunate to be able to compost our own food waste, so these will be added to our compost mix]Solid shampoo and soap - The ones in the pic are from a company called Wild Olive, and are wonderful smelling and packed without plastic. A few weeks ago I suspended using any liquid shampoo or shower gel and opted for these instead. I love the solid shampoo and I won't be going back. I do still use liquid conditioner, but less than I did, and for that I've turned to the make Faith in Nature, which can be bought in bulk (or refilled locally).Natural toothbrush - These Humble Brushes are made from bamboo (although the bristles are nylon) and come in cardboard packaing. I like to replace my toothbrush quite regularly, and for our girls, who chew as well as brush, theirs get replaced often (children's versions are available), so this has cut down associated plastic waste.Personal care products in cardboard packaging- What's shown above is a stick of deodorant that comes in a cardboard wrapper. There are loads of additional products such as lip balm and mosturiser made by Organic Essence (sold here). [I was a bit dismayed when bought online, the cardboard came in an outer wrapper of cellophane, however, I have complained and am hoping this will change.]. I've also shown natural cotton buds, made from bamboo, that are increasingly available locally.Reusable straws - not shown here, but we've bought two types, a stainless steel version and a bamboo version. Our girls love them and we now have a couple in our day bag (and take to our local pub!).If you want more information on these products or have alternative suggestions on the above, then please drop me a line·RELATED QUESTIONWhat rich people complaints piss off poor people?I used to have a friend who considered himself to be "rich".Granted, he wore nice expensive clothes, spoke with a fake British accent and considered himself to be upper class, there was just something about him that irked me.Him: You know that I don't use plastic hangers for my clothes?Me: Oh, why? I just take the plastic ones from work because we give them out to customers anyway. There's far too many hangers for us to handle so why not just take those?Him: My entire wardrobe is worth four thousand dollars and I'm talking an Armani blazer, my suits, my ties, my Gucci watch and you want me to use a plastic hanger? Hell no, I use wooden hangers for everything.What a struggle.Oh, and the best part.He wasn't rich. He was living off his parents' money and the last time I ever spoke to him, he was still struggling to find a job."Rich" people piss me off more than actual rich people.
Why Do We Only Talk About Plastic Carry Bags and Not of Other Plastic Products?
tricky problem. research onto yahoo. that may help!1. Why plastic products manufactured in china?This situation is changing for some products particularly when the volume is not particularly high. Costs are starting to increase in China as the local population starts to demand higher salaries.2. What are the best places to buy household plastic products such as hampers, dish basins, garbage pails, etc and which brand are best?I have bought such things at dollar stores or deep discount stores and you get exactly what you pay for, cheap products that chip, break and crack. Just to need replacing sooner than later. For these type of products, but the best brand so you have it for a good long time. Rubbermaid makes good quality products that will last. You may even be able to go to a Rubbermaid website for your shopping. Or, go to Target or other department stores. I am not sure Walmart has good quality merchandise. Like Home Depot and Lowe's brand name products which are made especially to sell at a lower price point, they are not of the same quality as their other products that they manufacturer. So, when price checking, be sure you are comparing the exact same merchandise. A cheaper product is not necessarily a better value. I happen to have the things you mention in a "Fuller Brush" brand from some relatives who are in their 90's, who bought them long ago. But I do not think Fuller Brush is in business any longer. But, I have to tell you, the buckets, brushes, mops and brooms are die hard products!!3. Find Sova Plastic Products Manufacturing comapny Plastic blow molding injection molding?Graven would not basically propose carved. It skill without life. A graven idol is a god which neither has life or delivers life. An idol skill without life. the authentic residing God is Jehovah. the 2d of the ten commandments is an element of the 1st. have not got the different Gods different than Jehovah. All worship belongs to Him4. Should we outlaw quick use plastic products?Socialist drivel. i do no longer choose the government telling me what freaking bags i will and can not use. in case you probably did some certainly analyze, quite of regurgitating what different persons say, you will possibly discover out that plastic bags are rather "greener" than paper bags interior the grand scheme of issues. It takes lots extra capability to offer and transport paper bags than it does plastic bags. As for reusable bags; in case you have a tendency to purchase many products (which incorporate grocery procuring for an outstanding sized relatives) you will ought to tote around a 0.5 dozen or extra bags with you whenever you pass out. that gets previous quickly. Then there is the concern of cleansing the baggage. you will ought to toss them interior the showering device each and every so often which additionally makes use of extra supplies. i do no longer recognize how people wo not be able to look a the super image5. What is styrene, the chemical compound involved in a gas leak near Visakhapatnam?In Vishakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh more than 10 people have died due to poisonous gas leaks. More than 800 people have been admitted to the hospital due to breathing problems. The condition of many of the sick remains critical. They also include children. Gas leakage has been overcome. "Styrene is the name of the gas that causes havoc":-The gas causing havoc in Visakhapatnam is called styrene. It is also called styrol and vinyl benzene. It is a colorless or light yellow liquid which is very dangerous. History of styrene is 181 years oldStyrene was first recognized in the world by scientists in Europe about 181 years ago. In 1839, German scientist Eduard Simon was able to isolate in his laboratory a volatile liquid from yaragin, a resin from a tree named American sweetgum. Accidentally, the substance they reached gave them the name "stylol" (now styrene). He also noticed that when the styloles were exposed to air, light, or heat, it gradually turned into a hard, rubber-like substance, which they called "styler oxide". In 1845 German chemist Augusthoffman and his student John Baileith gave the Stylin formula which became known as C8H8. It consists of 8 molecules of carbon and 8 molecules of hydrogen. About 99% of industrial resins are made from styrene. These are the six major ones: polystyrene (50%), styrene-butadiene rubber (15%), unsaturated polyester resins (glass) (12%), styrene-butadiene latex (11%), acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (10%) and Styrene-acrylonitrile (1%).Sweet smell gas chemistryStyrene is an organic compound and is also known as ethenyl benzene, vinyl benzene, and phenylethylene. Its chemical formula is C6H5CH = CH2. This most popular organic solvent is a colorless or light yellow oily liquid like benzene-borne water, and this gives off the gas.This liquid easily mixes in air in a gas form at room temperature and has a sweet odor, although in very large quantities, the odor begins to suffocate. Styrene makes polystyrene and many other co-polymers that are used to make various polymer products (plastic, fiber glass, rubber, pipe). Where is it usedStyrene is most commonly used in packaging materials, electrical insulation, in-house insulation, fiber glass, plastic pipes, automobile parts, tea cups, carpets, etc. This gas air, water or soil can come from anywhere in your body.Styrene gas remains in the smoke emanating from companies making plastic products. Apart from this, it is also found emanating from the smoke from the vehicles, cigarette smoke or photocopy machine. In cities where the number of vehicles is high, people are indirectly disturbed by this gas.Immediate impact on breathingIt is difficult to breathe when styrene gas enters the nose. With boredom and eye irritation may occur. When inhaled, it affects our respiratory system within minutes and can cause vomiting, irritation and skin rashes. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the short-term exposure to gas can be fatal for young children and the elderly. . Eye irritation, gastrointestinal effects (such as upset stomach) and irritation of the upper surface of the tissue can occur. It has the ability to destroy the lining of the tissues of the soft organs of the body and can cause bleeding. This can cause unconsciousness and even death within a few minutes. Prolonged effectEven those who survive the fatal exposure to styrene may later have to live with its toxic effects. Being a neurotoxin, it has effects on the nervous system and can cause headaches, fatigue, weakness and depression, nervous system dysfunction. Due to its long effect, diseases like numbness of hands and feet, loss of eyes, hearing loss and dermatitis are seen on the skin. Immediate treatmentThe only way to treat the effect of gas is to wash the skin and eyes with water and to go to breathing support by immediately starting medical therapy in case you go in with breath.South Korea's companyThe company from which the gas leaked is from South Korea. It has been operating since 1961. The company manufactures LG polymers polystyrene and various plastics that are used to make different products such as toys. In the end I think you understand the whole concept of what is styrene gas is and how harmful it is that leaked from LG polymer plant.Thank you,.......What is styrene, the chemical compound involved in a gas leak near Visakhapatnam?
Things You May Want to Know About Plastic Products
An Introduction to plastic productsThe dynamic scraped surface heat exchanger (DSSHE) was designed to face some problems found in other types of heat exchangers. They increase heat transfer by:removing the fouling layers, increasing turbulence in case of high viscosity flow, and avoiding the generation of ice and other process by-products. DSSHEs incorporate an internal mechanism which periodically removes the product from the heat transfer wall.Which country has announced to ban single use plastics from 2021? of plastic productsCanada has announced to ban single use plastics from 2021. Plastic pollution is a global challenge that requires immediate action. Plastic waste ends up in our landfills and incinerators, litters our parks and beaches, and pollutes our rivers, lakes, and oceans, entangling and killing turtles, fish, and marine mammals.Less than 10 per cent of plastic used in Canada gets recycled. Without a change in course, Canadians will throw away an estimated $11 billion worth of plastic materials each year by 2030.Canada, Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau, announced that the Government of Canada is taking additional steps to reduce Canada's plastic waste, support innovation, and promote the use of affordable and safe alternatives. Working with governments and businesses across Canada, the Government of Canada will:ban harmful single-use plastics as early as 2021 (such as plastic bags, straws, cutlery, plates, and stir sticks) where supported by scientific evidence and warranted, and take other steps to reduce pollution from plastic products and packagingwork with provinces and territories to introduce standards and targets for companies that manufacture plastic products or sell items with plastic packaging so they become responsible for their plastic waste.These measures will be grounded in scientific evidence and will align, where appropriate, with similar actions being taken in the European Union and other countries. They will also support the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment's development of an action plan to implement the Canada-wide Strategy on Zero Plastic Waste.With the longest coastline in the world and one-quarter of the world's freshwater, Canada has a unique responsibility - and opportunity - to lead in reducing plastic pollution. From launching the Ocean Plastics Charter at the 2018 G7 Summit to investing in new Canadian technologies that turn plastic waste into valuable resources and can make our economy stronger and take an important step toward protecting wildlife and the places Canadians lovePlastic recycling channels should be improved right now of plastic productsEven after entering the garbage collection process, the value of the takeaway meal boxes is not high. According to industry insiders, plastic polystyrene recycling prices are low, and recycling costs are high. Recyclers are generally reluctant to fill up with take-out food boxes that are oily. Even if they come back, they must be time-consuming and labor-intensive. Therefore, plastic lunch boxes are not to be seen. Whether it is garbage recycling companies or the city's "pilots of scavenging waste," they all "have no feelings" about recycling plastic products.At the same time, China has not yet formed a complete recycling system. As a low-value-added recyclable material, plastic lunch boxes are difficult to enter into recycling channels for renewable resources. Even if consumers take the initiative to classify plastic waste, because the recycling system is not perfect, sanitation trucks may also mix and dispose of various types of waste when they transport waste.Since it is difficult to recover, plastic lunch boxes can only be "mixed" with municipal solid waste, enter the waste disposal system, and ultimately be burned or landfilled as ordinary waste. However, if the different plastic components are burned together, air pollution can easily occur; before the landfill, the larger plastic wastes are usually simply incinerated, resulting in large amounts of exhaust emissions. Therefore, letting plastic lunch boxes enter the waste disposal system is not a permanent cure.In fact, the "white pollution" brought by plastic products is not unique to China, and countries in the world are facing the same problems. If there is a relatively sound waste classification system, plastic meal boxes and other products can be recycled efficiently through plastics melting machine. However, the data shows that only 14% of the world's plastic packaging has been recycled.In terms of the cost of recycling the lunch boxes, there are also experiences and lessons worth learning. For example, the cost of recycling food containers in Japan is borne by the consumer; in Europe and America, the processing fee is borne by the manufacturer. In China, Shanghai implemented the "Interim Measures for the Management of Disposable Plastic Lunch Boxes" in June 2000. The administrative department will collect 3 cents for each lunch box from manufacturers who produce disposable plastic lunch boxes as a recycling fee. However, the implementation of this system was not smooth and was abolished in May 2014
Europe's Environmental Policy Must Do More Than Ban ...
The European Union is close to outlawing some single-use plastic products, such as cutlery, straws, coffee stirrers and cotton swab sticks -but the measures are too narrow and too lenient toward producers to have a meaningful benefit for the environment. The EU, as one of the biggest producers and the biggest exporter of plastic waste, should do better than this.Quicktake The Problem With Plastic On Wednesday, the European Parliament voted overwhelmingly to approve the new rules on plastics. Member states must agree to the measure, butthat's all but guaranteed since the final proposal was coordinated with them. The idea was to cut down on the use of the top 10 plastic objects that washup on European beaches, as well as on plastic fishing gear, another large source of the marine pollution that the European Commission estimates costs the bloc's economy up to 695 million euros ($780million) a year in damages to tourism and fisheries.Banning plastic forks, straws and those pesky balloon sticks by 2021 and making sure plastic caps remain attached to bottles after openingis, however, hardly a big step forward. The plastics industry, which lobbied intensively to water down the legislation, still isn't happy about "extended producer requirements" for the makers of food containers, beverage cups and bottles, cigarette filters, wet wipes, plastic bags andfishing nets. These companies will needto cover clean-up and recycling costs. But member states must implement the programs. Thatmakes the approach inefficient, especially in newer EU members, which haveweaker institutions.The EU is better than most places at recycling plastic waste. The recycling rate has passed 40 percent . The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's latest comparative data are for 2014, when Europe recycled about 30 percent of its plastic waste, three times the U.S. level. Japan and Australia, not to mention emerging economies, are also far behind.But Europe produces so much plastic waste thatit is collectively the biggest exporter, despite the high recycling rate.Restrictions by China, which used to bethe world's biggest plastic dump,have drastically reduced EU exports. Europe was forced to cut the outbound shipping of waste, but for the most part, it merely replaced China with other receiving countries, Malaysia, Vietnam and Turkey chief among them.It's not as if these countries have built up their recycling capacity overnight. In Vietnam, only 10 percent of locally produced plastic waste is collected. A significant amount of the import goes to so-called "craft villages," where the plastics are processed informally on a small scale, and the unused waste -up to 30 percent -- is burned or dumped in rivers. No wonder Vietnam, along with some other Asian economies, started restricting the import of some plastic waste last year.As a European resident, it's easy to feel good about garbage collection and recycling practices. In Germany, we have the highest recycling rate in the world, 56 percent , and sorting trash correctly is almost an instinct. But the exports and what happens to them ruin that feel-good story for me. They should ruin it, too, forEU-level and national regulators. Clean, green Europe is really a major polluter of countries it used to colonize.A truly principled European plastics policy should go much further than the legislation approved by the European Parliament. There's no reason not to set EU-wide dates for the phaseout of all single-useplastic itemsexcept biodegradable or fully recyclable ones. Outlawing coffee stirrers but not plastic bags is illogical. Demanding that producers pay to raise awareness of the environmental damage of their plastic products, as the new rules do, is a convoluted way of solving a problem that most European consumers already acknowledge. The focus should be on convenient alternatives to plastic packaging for the products purchased at the supermarket - and any choice at all when ordering online.Demanding more from producers should go hand in hand with export and land-filling restrictions on plastic waste. Without them, a phaseout will take too long. I'm happy to sip my cocktails without a straw, or with a paper one, but at this point, there's not much to raise a glass to.To contact the author of this story:Leonid Bershidsky at To contact the editor responsible for this story:Max Berley at
Whats Hot in Hot Stamping
The popularity of hot stamping continues to grow in popularity. And although hot stamping has been around since the late 1890s, it continues to offer many new hot benefits to modern day marketing. And while the process has changed some due to advancements in technology, it is still a favorite method of adding color and definition to a variety of materials and products. In fact, it is a special favorite application for business in the security printing fields because it is much more difficult to forge a document where hot stamping has been applied. As experts in hot stamping for St Paul and the surrounding areas, we thought we would provide a rundown of hot stamping, its many uses and incredible benefits.Decorative and functional, hot stamping transfer foils are available in a wide variety of patterns; including marble and wood-grain patterns. They also come in bold solid colors, bright metallics, including red, gold and silver and even trendy holographic. Better yet, you can opt for hot stamping to be in gloss, satin or a matte finish, so you can design foils that match not just your company's logo but your colors. Hot stamp foils can be used to enhance and decorate products in a broad range of industries and in numerous printing applications, including picture frames, envelopes, packaging products, plastic products, promotional items and more - the list is limited only by your imagination!Hot stamping also works well for anti-counterfeiting purposes. Because the hot stamping process involves a series of extremely thin layers that are hot pressed together, any attempt to separate those layers is very noticeable, making it easy to identify when a label or product has been tampered with. This is why so many checks, credit cards and other sensitive documents have holographic foil images applied.So, whether you are looking for the perfect way to protect your business, get your reader's attention, or are simply looking for a fun way to personalize a product, talk to the professionals at Larkin Industries to learn how we can help with all of your hot stamping needs. No matter what it is, you are looking for, we are sure to be able to help you create just the right design. We also have our ISO 9001:2008 certification, so that means all of the work we do undergoes very strict quality control processes.Are you interested in learning more about hot stamping near St Paul? Call Larkin Industries at 651-645-6000, or you can contact us to get a Free Quote.What are some of the ways people affect sea life?Negative:Wearing sunscreen while swimming or snorkelling. Some sunscreens have been shown to be safe for this, but most aren't.Pulling underwater creatures out of the water for the sake of taking pictures. Especially with things like starfish. Using plastic products. A lot of them end up in the ocean and don't degrade.PositiveUnderstand which species are struggling and don't eat them (e.g. Shark fin, Chilean Sea Bass. Understand which species are invasive and eta them (e. g. Lionfish in the Caribbean). Look into Sustainable SeafoodWhat are some of the ways people affect sea life?Seven facts about plastic pollution and how you can minimise your contribution | GVI UKHow easy do you think it would be to stop using plastic in your daily life? From technology to cutlery - plastic is always at our fingertips. And our reliance on plastic has become cause for concern Plastic can take thousands of years to decompose, and plastic pollution has become an issue all over the world. Think about the fact that most of the plastic produced since its discovery in 1852 is still present somewhere on the planet, and more and more plastic is still being made. A huge amount of this plastic ends up in the ocean, and affects life in the sea. Ocean pollution refers to all of the waste products that find their way into the ocean - like plastic, glass, oil, and chemicals. Plastic pollution makes up around 60 to 90% of all the debris found in the ocean. The bulk of this pollution stems from single-use items. As one of the least biodegradable materials in the world, plastic can stick around for a long time. During that time, it can pollute beaches, endanger marine life, and even affect our health. How does plastic pollution affect the ocean? The ocean covers more than 70% of the planet. It's one of the world's most valuable resources since it: None is home to a diversity of marine life None reduces the effects of climate change by absorbing carbon dioxide from the air None provides a significant amount of the protein that people eat Scientists estimate that 95% of the ocean has still not been explored, and 91% of ocean species have not yet been classified. So, besides the microscopic algae and gigantic blue whale we know of, ocean pollution is affecting a massive amount of other marine life, and may prevent us from finding out about new species. Take a look at these seven facts about plastic pollution, and see why we need to keep an eye on the world's oceans. 1) How much plastic is in the ocean? Considering the size of the ocean, keeping track of the amount of plastic in it can be a difficult task. However, experts have estimated that eight million tons of the plastic produced each year goes on to pollute the ocean. Plastic is even expected to outweigh all the fish in the sea by 2050 if the current rate of plastic pollution persists. And even though 2050 may seem far off, environmentalists believe that right now there is more microplastic - tiny pieces of plastic - in the ocean than there are stars in the Milky Way. 2) What are the biggest causes of plastic pollution? Facts about plastic pollution According to an article by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association (NOAA), 80% of ocean pollution comes from land. This pollution stems mainly from human activity - like the plastic packaging we toss after eating take-out, or the hundreds of plastic toothbrushes we've thrown away once they've become worn out. Communities living alongside coastlines are the biggest contributors to plastic pollution in the ocean, and they are also the most affected by it. Coastal communities can take in these pollutants when they eat fish or other marine life that have ingested plastic in the ocean. Even if plastic items are collected and transported to landfill sites, they can still form part of plastic pollution in the ocean. All it takes is a strong wind to blow the waste back into our rivers, seas and oceans. In fact, major rivers around the world are estimated to carry between one and three million tons of plastic pollution to the ocean each year. Another less noticeable way plastic enters the ocean is through microbeads. You will find these tiny pieces of plastic in all kinds of products, like face wash, shower gels and toothpaste. Many of these microbeads are too small to be filtered out by wastewater plants and end up making their way into the sea. 3) Which countries are most affected by plastic pollution? California might be known for its iconic Hollywood sign, Disneyland and San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge, but just off its coast lies a collection of garbage that's estimated to be twice the size of Texas. But there are other coastlines around the world where plastic pollution has become a much bigger concern. Led by Jenna Jambeck - an environmental engineer - researchers from the USA and Australia analysed plastic waste levels in the world's oceans, and they were able to identify the countries whose coastal waters housed the most plastic pollution. China, Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam and Sri Lanka were at the top of the list. And it's no coincidence that these countries are also some of the biggest producers of plastic products worldwide. Many of these countries also have less efficient waste-disposal systems than other countries around the world. 4) How do plastic straws contribute to ocean pollution? Facts about plastic straws Over 500 million straws are used every day in the United States, and many of them end up as plastic pollution. Although plastic straws are technically recyclable - since they are made of recyclable materials - their light weight makes them difficult to put through the recycling process. When moving through the mechanical-recycling sorter, plastic straws drop through sorting screens and are mixed in with other materials. Since they are too small to separate out, these straws end up contaminating recycling loads because they have not been processed adequately. How do plastic straws end up in the ocean? The most common way straws end up in the ocean is through littering. People often discard plastic straws on beaches or throw them out of boats and vehicles. The wind also blows straws out of trash cans. Will compostable plastic straws help reduce waste in the oceans? Unfortunately not. Compostable plastic straws are designed to break down in compost conditions, not in sea water. Paper straws are a far better alternative because they decompose more easily. 5) How does plastic-bag pollution affect our oceans? Facts about plastic bag pollution Whether it's for picking up a few items from the grocery store, grabbing some Chinese take-out or buying new clothes; almost all of us use plastic bags in our day-to-day lives. While single-use disposable plastic bags are a convenient part of modern life, they are not good for the planet. The typical lifespan of a plastic bag is 12 minutes, and they are often made using non-renewable materials that contribute to climate change. This means that they can make a big contribution to plastic pollution. Americans use 100 billion plastic bags each year. If you had to tie them all together, they would reach around the Earth's equator 773 times. Our dependency on single-use plastic bags shows little sign of slowing down. In fact, every minute distributors send two plastic million bags to destinations around the world. What happens to the plastic bags we throw away? The world only recycles 5% of the plastic bags it produces. Un-recycled plastic bags are sent to landfill sites where they do not break down. Instead, they release dangerous chemicals into the environment. How do plastic bags affect the environment? Did you know that about 93% of US citizens test positive for bisphenol A (BPA) - a chemical toxin found in plastic items such as bags, utensils and water bottles. BPA can leach out of plastic bags, contaminate our water supplies, and pose a serious health hazard to all life on Earth over time. But plastic bag pollution also affects our quality of life in the short term. Buildups of plastic bags cause blockages in drainage systems, making them less efficient and creating an environment where harmful bacteria and pathogens can grow. Discarded plastic bags can also form clumps in storm sewers, blocking the flow of water and increasing the risk of flooding. And, in the oceans, many animals end up eating plastic bags by mistake. On the island of Midway Atoll in the North Pacific Ocean - home to the largest albatross colony in the world - hundreds of birds have been found dead due to eating pieces of plastic bags. In 2015, National Geographic reported that plastic trash is currently found in the guts of 90% of seabirds, and this is expected to increase to 99% by 2050. Plastic bags also ruin the appearance of the environment, which is not something to be taken lightly. The Earth's natural habitats and green spaces in our cities have numerous benefits for human beings. Studies have shown that being in healthy natural environments can improve our mood, behaviour and productivity. But when these spaces become littered with plastic bags, our quality of life takes a massive knock. Plastic bags are not the only thing hurting wildlife populations around the world. Microplastics, abandoned fishing gear and other plastic pollution has a massive impact on the health of ecosystems. In the ocean, small fish eat tiny pieces of plastic, causing plastic pollution to enter the food chain. When larger fish feed on these smaller species, it passes on the problem until this plastic eventually lands up on our dinner plates. The pieces of plastic inside animals' stomachs do not leave room for actual food. In a February 2018 autopsy of a beached whale, scientists found 20 square feet of single-use plastic shopping bags inside its stomach. It's seen that marine animals often mistake plastic bags for jellyfish. Researchers from the University of Queensland estimate that more than 50% of sea turtles have consumed plastic debris. The result is that more than 100,000 sea turtles die from plastic pollution each year. Ghost gear is abandoned or lost fishing equipment. Nets and other items can easily entangle marine life - like whales, dolphins and seals. This can injure marine animals or even cause them to drown. The World Animal Protection organisation estimates that sea life is being affected by 640,000 tons of ghost gear every year. As this equipment floats around in the ocean, it slowly breaks down into microplastics. As a result, more animals are prone to plastic-poisoning and ingesting these small amounts of plastic by mistake. 7) How do plastic bottles have an impact in the ocean? Facts about plastic bottle pollution Every second 20,000 plastic bottles are purchased across the globe. While most plastic bottles are made from polyethylene terephthalate - a recyclable substance - the huge demand for plastic bottles globally means that it is not easy making sure that all plastic bottles are recycled. Of the 480 billion drinking bottles sold in 2016, only 7% were collected and reused. According to Euromonitor International's global packaging trends report, during the year 2021 more than 580 billion plastic drinking bottles are expected to be manufactured and sold. If you had to place all those bottles end to end, it would extend halfway to the sun. What you can do to reduce plastic pollution The best way to protect the oceans, wildlife, our health and the environment is to keep as much plastic as possible out of the waste stream. It might seem like a mammoth task trying to use less or no plastic, but there are many small things that you can do to make a positive impact when it comes to reducing plastic pollution. Cut down on your single-use plastic products Buy reusable bags for your shopping or reuse your plastic bags as many times as you can. Get into the habit of saying no to plastic bags at the till, and keeping your own bags in your handbag or car. And there are other areas you could focus on too. Have you ever thought about how many shampoo and conditioner bottles you go through in a year? What about in your lifetime? Nip your reliance on plastic in the bud by using shampoo and conditioner bars. Next time you buy a drink at your favorite restaurant or cafe, do not ask for a straw. Instead, buy a couple of steel or glass straws and keep one in your handbag. It's a small lifestyle change that makes a tangible difference. With more and more people choosing to go strawless, many retailers have started listening to their consumers. Woolworths, a multi-national retail company, opted to phase out single-use plastics in their stores around the world. Cut down on the 20 billion plastic bottles tossed into the trash each year by carrying a reusable bottle. Just make sure the bottle is BPA-free and top up as you go. If you live in a country that does not have good quality local tap water, look for a bottle that has a built-in filter. Some places in the world, like Bali and Thailand, have clean water stations for the public to use. For a few coins, you can fill up without contributing to the plastic-pollution problem in these countries. Further reading: How to reduce your plastic consumption in 24 hours. If you want to do more for the environment than just making a few lifestyle changes, consider volunteering on a marine conservation project. GVI runs sustainable projects in countries the world over, including Fiji, Mexico, Seychelles and Thailand. Take a look at our marine conservation projects that are committed to raising awareness about plastic pollution, and contributing towards developing sustainable solutions.
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