What Factors Led to the Fall of Fulgencio Batista in Cuba?

Throughout the 1950s, Batista's corrupt and repressive regime systematically profited from the exploitation of Cuba's commercial interests, in partnership with U.S. corporations and the American Mafia. As a result, for three years Fidel Castro's July 26th Movement and other rebelling elements led a guerrilla uprising against Batista's regime which culminated in his eventual defeat . ------------- The corruption of the Government, the brutality of the police, the regime's indifference to the needs of the people for education, medical care, housing, for social justice and economic justice is an open invitation to revolution. " - Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., when asked by the U.S. government to analyze Batista's Cuba Upon his return to power, Batista did not continue the progressive social policies of his earlier term. He was consumed with overcoming his social status and being accepted by Cuba's upper class, who had never allowed him membership in their social circles and clubs. He also concentrated heavily on increasing his own personal fortune. Meanwhile, poverty on the island was growing. In 1953, the average Cuban family had an income of $6.00 a week, 15 to 20 percent of the labor force was chronically unemployed, and only a third of the homes had running water. The Dallas industrialiat Jack Crichton joined with several other oilmen to negotiate drilling rights in Cuba under the Batista administration. Standard Oil of Indiana signed an agreement with the Cuban-Venezuelan Oil Voting Trust Company, a unit originally established by William F. Buckley, Sr., father of syndicated columnist William F. Buckley, Jr., for access to fifteen million acres. CVOVTC was during the middle 1950s one of the four or five most traded entities on the American Stock Exchange. Batista's successor, Fidel Castro, reduced the size of claims for oil exploration to a maximum of twenty thousand acres and ended large-scale explorations by private companies.--------- Batista established lasting relationships with organized crime, notably with American mobsters Meyer Lansky and Lucky Luciano, and under his rule Havana became known as "the Latin Las Vegas." Batista and Lansky formed a renowned friendship and business relationship that lasted for three decades. During a stay at the Waldorf-Astoria in New York in the late 1940s, it was mutually agreed upon that, in exchange for kickbacks, Batista would offer Lansky and the Mafia control of Havana's racetracks and casinos. After World War II, American mobster Lucky Luciano was paroled from prison on the condition that he permanently return to Sicily. However, Luciano secretly moved to Cuba, where he worked to resume control over American mafia operations. Luciano also ran a number of casinos in Cuba with the sanction of Batista, though the American government eventually succeeded in pressuring the Batista regime to deport Luciano. Batista encouraged large-scale gambling in Havana, announcing by 1955, that Cuba would grant a gaming license to anyone who invested U.S. $1 million in a hotel or $200,000 in a new nightclub - and that the Cuban government would provide matching public funds for construction, a 10-year tax exemption, and duty-free importation of equipment and furnishings. The government would get U.S. $250,000 for the license plus a percentage of the profits from each casino. The policy waived the background checks that were required for casino operations in the United States, and opened the door for casino investors with illegally obtained sources of funding. Since import duties were waived on materials for hotel construction, Cuban contractors with the right connections made windfalls by importing more than was needed and selling the surplus to others for hefty profits. It was rumored that besides the U.S. $250,000 to get a license, a fee sometimes more was required under the table.----------- In a manner that antagonized the Cuban people, the U.S. government used their influence to advance the interests of and increase the profits of the private American companies, which "dominated the island's economy." As a symbol of this relationship, ITT Corporation, an American-owned multinational telephone company, presented Batista with a gold-plated telephone, as an "expression of gratitude" for the "excessive telephone rate increase" which Batista had granted at the urging of the U.S. government. Earl T. Smith, former U.S. Ambassador to Cuba, testified to the U.S. Senate in 1960 that "until Castro, the U.S. was so overwhelmingly influential in Cuba that the American ambassador was the second most important man, sometimes even more important than the Cuban president." In addition, nearly "all aid" from the U.S. to Batista's regime was in the "form of weapons assistance", which "merely strengthened the Batista dictatorship" and "completely failed to advance the economic welfare of the Cuban people". Fulgencio Batista murdered 20,000 Cubans in seven years and he turned Democratic Cuba into a complete police state

1. What led to the poor reception of the Rust programming language?

What poor reception?Rust has had an overwhelmingly positive reception.No, it hasn't taken over the world, but that's because people drastically underestimate how much inertia the industry has. Especially for the kind of application Rust is best used for. Rust 1. 0 was only released in 2015. It is vastly too early to tell where Rust is going.Ask again in 20 years and we'll know how important it will be. If by then we've seen C and C replaced as the languages of choice for new systems programming languages, or for new bare-metal embedded work, then we can say Rust has completely succeeded. We might see Rust used to reimplement the foundations of Linux userspace; that would be a very good thing, IMO.Rust might also be very important in the WebAssembly world; arguably it is the premier language for that platform already, being the only 'safe' language for the platform AFAIK, and also being the implementation language for a lot of the tools

2. how to install LED windshield washers?

most of the time they will be deemed illigal and you could get pulled over and fined... like the other guy said save the money they arent that cool anyway :P

3. Multiple RGB led strips with Uno - options? [duplicate]

These sound like non-smart LED strips, where you supply 12V on one pin and then there is a control line for each color. Three resistors for each 3 LEDs, with the groups of 3 wired in parallel on the strip. In which case, 3 MOSFETs per strip to sink current to Gnd sounds good, and you can likely one MOSFET control the same color on multiple strips. Thus you can use the 18 IO of an UNO, leaving D0/D1 free for serial comms with your PC.Uno has 6 hardware PWM pins for 256 levels of brightness via analogWrite(), and you can create software PWM for the other pins as well.Which MOSFET do you have?

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