Who Can Pay for a Cappuccino at the Robot Coffee Shop? Or Why You Care About Job Automation.

Job automation has been reaching new heights and will soon profoundly change our daily lives. But who stands to gain from this?Progress is good. Its common sense, progress is good. But, sometimes, its worth to question whats progress? And good to whom?Since the 19th century, automation has powered continuous economic growth, prosperity and has raised the bar in terms of quality of living around the world. Global population has grown 5-fold, while, at the same, 74% have risen from extreme poverty.Those are impressive results, in large scale associated to new technology adoption worldwide. It has enabled workers to move from inhuman manual chores to new areas of activity, higher in the value chain. Machines employed in laborious and repetitive tasks allow humans to focus on intellectual, cultural, innovative, human-centric and knowledge-related activities. That was the new deal solidified throughout the 20th century and it changed societies as they were.It was a good deal.However, there has been a not so bright side to that. There are those left by the wayside, unable to transition to the new. Could we re purpose a street gas lamp lighter worker to become electricity company employee? How about riders and workers that handled the 120000 horses that pulled carriages in NYC, by the end of the 19th century? Some probably adapted, while others certainly did not.Wave after wave of innovation swept the 20th century, with wonders like computers and factory robots that have provided huge productivity gains. Weve adapted, always moving up the ladder. Weve received better education and have moved progressively into higher value jobs, from agriculture to industries to services and so on. Improved standards of living allowed for more education, providing a more sophisticated, knowledgeable and smarter workforce.

What if scenarios?However, nowadays we hear almost every day the expected impact from technologies like artificial intelligence (AI) driven automation in the global job market.In our troubled times, if theres one point that every political and economic view agrees is that there will be a severe impact in the workforce from the new automation technologies.Intelligent technologies will go much further than all our past advancements in transforming our governments, businesses and day to day lives. Theyll challenge the core of what we believe are human capabilities and substitute us in areas where some time ago would be unthinkable.Driving, cooking, law, medicine, waging war and even arts; it seems like theres almost no human domain that will remain untouched. Better than human machine capabilities in these fields is a reality thats closer than we might think. If machines are better than human in most of these areas, is there still room for us to adapt?Much higher productivity and profit, without the humans in the loop, side-by-side with large scale unemployment. Who stands to gain from this?Since the early 2000s, wages share in the US GDP has decreased significantly while profits have consistently risen. This has been fueled in large part by globalization, which gave US companies access to cheap foreign labor, and automation. The potential for an increased impact with AI driven automation is huge as profits will increase while wage participation will be reduced even more.How to enforce peoples rights when they may become obsolete? And how can we as individuals, societies and global community address the challenge?Its just the depth, breadth and speed stupid!Some say that these are exaggerated projections. However, the depth, how specialized automated jobs can be, breadth, the multitude of areas where the technology can be applied to and the extremely fast pace in which AI is advancing is staggering.

Lets see some crystal ball forecasts from the experts:Forester: According to a Forrester Research report, 7% of US Jobs will be replaced by automation by 2025. Their projection is the replacement of 16% of todays jobs, against the creation of 9% new ones, with a net of -7%.OECD: The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) projectsthat 9% of US Jobs are susceptible to automation in the coming years.

Morgan Stanley: The US has an estimated 3.5 million truck drivers. Automated trucks potential saving in the transportation industry is estimated to be as high as $168bn annually. The study Morgan Stanley proposes savings come from labor ($70bn), fuel efficiency ($35bn), productivity ($27bn) and accidents avoidance ($36bn). Meanwhile, companies like Tesla are in line to unveil their self-driving trucks in the next months.IBM: According to IBM, by 2020, 85% of all customer interactions will be handled without a human agent. Technologies like Watson Virtual Agent and other cognitive agents will not only address most of the interactions, but may provide 60% to 80% reduction in call center costs.

Many other domains, like law, medicine, finance, trading, security, maritime shipping, are either already underway or will be changed by AI-powered automation in the next decades. As consequence, we will all hopefully benefit, and potentially suffer, from these outcomes in the course of these industries transformation.The rise of the Proletariat!No this is not a Marxist pamphlet. The term comes from ancient Rome, as a reference to a large percentage of the Roman population during the Republic that owned nothing. They roamed the Roman cities and depended on what the state or wealthy patrons could provide them, in order to survive. In exchange, they supported to their patrons, fought in the army and where manipulated as pawns in the political vendettas by different factions. From this comes the Latin expression panem et circenses that designated the decadent state of that people: poor, jobless and dependent on the food and leisure provided by the rich as a superficial means of appeasement.Most were plebe driven from small farms, due to changes in the technological and economic environment. With the conquest wars during the Roman Republic, rich Patricians had access to two game changing tools: free conquered land turned into large states, along with cheap slave labor. Large scale crops with high productivity associated to low labor costs, led to low prices that small farmers could not compete with. In time, they would lose their lands due to debt and be driven away. With no means to be economically productive, they gradually migrated to the cities, specially Rome, where they became known as the Proletariat.

Similarly, modern day thinkers propose that minimum wage policies be passed to address the coming issue of the potential mass unemployment resultant from AI automation. This would be the wannabe solution to the coming crisis.What can we do?Some countries, like Finland, are field-testing this approach as an answer to this trend. On the other side, countries like Brazil have been using such policies to raise the below the bread line poor to higher living standards.Can these solutions address the issue? Or will they just create a 21st century version of the proletariat, people who depend on the state and the wealthy top 1% for subsistence, bread and circus?We cant foresee all of the consequences and, as the quote goes Its Difficult to Make Predictions, Especially About the Future.However, discussions on this subject usually split between two opposing future views: the first one sees the future as an utopian existence, where machines do take all the drudgery of work and we will be free to live fully creative fulfilling lives. The other, predicts a dystopian outcome, where people are left out in the cold by massive unemployment, while machines reign and their masters profit.In my view, the utopian future is far from guaranteed, while the dystopian one is not an unavoidable path. To guide us I believe we will need to ask some tough questions:In this future, whats the role of companies, their profit, rights and limits?How far will we allow automation to go?What are the responsibilities of robot asset owners to society?What are the citizens rights and obligations in this new environment?How will a consumer society be, with many people out of the production cycle?Can welfare-sustained population societies still be democracies?What values will we foster in this new scenario?Whats the role of government as a provider and regulator?It seems like there are more questions than answers at this time, but we must think ahead if we want to soft-land into this wild future of ours while theres still plenty of time to do it.

Its time for a new deal.

Afterthought, coffee time!In the beginning of this year, an article in the press announced the arrival of robot barista machines like the ones offered by Caf X Technologies. They are placed close to some Starbucks shops in San Francisco and can serve 120 coffees per hour. Its an automation technology marvel for the hasty coffee addicted person.

The question is, in the future will we still have the bucks to pay for that cappuccino?

Who Can Pay for a Cappuccino at the Robot Coffee Shop? Or Why You Care About Job Automation. 1

recherches chaudes
18V portable cordless grass trimmer 12HP Walking Tractor Power Tiller (SH121) Hand Tractor Ridge and Walk-Behind Tractor Zs1100 Zs1105 Zs1115 Mini Cultivator Walking Tractor Cultivators Pump Sprayer for Airless Agricultural Power Sprayer Paint Sprayer 51000BTU Diesel heater with cheap price bestselling heater Grain Harvester Usage and Gear Drive Drive Type High Quality Hand-held Paddy Wheat Cutter1 AGRICULTURAL MACHINE used agricultural walking tractor price power tiller mowing machine for sale walking tractor for ploughing Factory Supplier Hot Sale China 8HP-22HP Walking Tractor Mini Tractor for America Market Machines agricoles de petite taille de haute qualité à usage domestique décortiqueur de maïs
articles chauds
What Led to Racial Relations Being Better in Namibia and Botswana, Compared to South Africa?
A poultry farmer collects eggs every morning. There are 50 broken eggs per collection on average. What is the probability that more than 60 eggs might be
Is there anyone recovered from covid-19? Can you share your hospital bills?
Farm Machinery in Ethiopia Bolstering the Agricultural Backbone
Chinese Government Assists Dominica with 2,500 Solar Street Light with Battery and Panel
Which would win, a Landkreuser P 1000 Ratte and Maus tank or a Bob Semple tank?
UNICAR Guatemala, the Aortic Valve Replacement Hospital in Guatemala City
Controlling a Stepper Motor with a Siemens S7 1200
Is There a Reason That I Need a HUD App'd Water Heater Or a Special Water Heater for a Mobile Home/t
Theatrical Trailer
coffee jobs Articles Liés
Tips to Help You Design the Perfect Solar Battery for That Party
Functional Features and Application Introduction of TG452 Series Intelligent Street Lamp Gateway
What Is the Best the Best Solar Street Light for You? - the Best Solar Street Light Reviews
IGBT of Fuji Motor Electronic Equipment Technology
Is a Metal Roof Right for You | Billy

Copyright © 2020  Shandong Abusair Agricultural Machinery Co,. Ltd- |  Sitemap

Multifunctional farm Abusair machinery  |  Tea Professional Cultivator farm machinery