Why Does the European MALE RPAS UAV Use Twin Engines?

Three months after you've asked the question, the Wikipedia article you provided a link to in your question was updated to state:The drone's dual engines were a demand of Germany, which intended to use to UAV for surveillance over domestic urban areas and was concerned that an engine failure in a single-engine drone could lead to the drone crushing a house. sicWikipedia states this article as the source for the German demand for redundancy

• Related Questions

Guitar Banjo used as G-banjo

What's your goal? Seems like, sure, you could tune a fifth string like a drone while you save up for the real banjo, but the drone tuner is up at the fifth fret to keep it out of the way of your first-position playing. Git-jo is about either allowing guitarists to get bluegrass sounds without learning anything, or to get the rhythm chunk of dixieland jazz, I think, and you're sounding like you're just wanting a real banjo


What happened to the water processors in Oblivion?

The script is explicit on the issue. The "water processors" you've described are referred to by a different name:Much earlier Jack shifts the Bubbleship, in the distance a series of RESOURCE-GATHERERS on the horizon. Essentially titanic vacuums, sucking up the oceans.After the explosion there was an unfilmed sequence:EXT. VARIOUS LANDSCAPES - CONTINUOUS : DRONES fall from the sky, powerless... A RESOURCE GATHERER YAWS, losing power, and falls ponderously into what remains of the sea...


Lightweight CI server to integrate with GOGS

It appears the the defacto solution for now is Drone. It supports GOGS out of the box, and is acting very lightweight so far.Side note - in the documentation, it indicates you'll need an API key from GOGS. You actually don't, it will run fine with this configuration:The only "heavy" thing needed here is a Docker image defined later on in the .drone.yml. I used a Node one which checked out at about 1.7 gb


How would I implement a following drone with a camera using GPS?

I assume that you will have GPS on your drone in addition to the GPS unit you will want to track.You will make heavy use of the Haversine formula, which will tell you the bearing between 2 lat/lon (GPS) coordinates. This will come in handy in the following ways:Once you know where the target is and what your orientation should be to it, you can calculate the drone's desired position based on the desired following distance.


Conservation of angular momentum on a drone

You can add up the angular momentum L of the motor-propeller assemblies and the main body to get a total L. It doesnt matter that theyre in different places; angular momentum is independent of position. But thats not entirely why a drone rotates. The much larger effect is prop torque due to the propellers pushing on the air. This effect is why helicopters need tail rotors; its much larger than the angular momentum effect


Drone Horizontal Speed Measurement

You could use an IMU to measure the speed and position. You just have to:You are not supposed to be doing this. Your data will be extremely inaccurate. When you integrate you are getting an approximate value, and you will be integrating this not-so-precise data over time. If you want to read a really good explanation about this I suggest you this article. You can also read this question, someone asked about speed measurement with an IMU


Design me a Mars drone

Wikipedias article Mars aircraft leads us to Sky-Sailor. This is a 2.5kg drone that would fly using 13.2Watts of solar power. So for a 5kg probe I would suspect between 26.4 Watts(linear growth) and 105.6 Watts(cubic growth) is reasonable guesses.

Sky Sailor has a wingspan of 3.

2 meters and is a fixed wing aircraft though, so it's not cabably of hovering. It's also not intended to be capable of take-off, instead it's released from a spacescraft after athmospheric entry


What would it take to attack or disrupt the GPS system over a wide area?

A correct antenna or drone used as an electromagnetic weapon may totally kill any electromagnetic equipment (computer, radar, emitter) :The technology to target satelittes exists. These waepons might be used toward mobile phones antennas, mobile phones network satelittes and of course toward GPS satelittes. A few other countries have the technology level to disrupt a full mobile phone network or a full GPS network, either

directly or through bounces against the ionized upper layers of the atmosphere.


How can I change weapon upgrades?

Upgrade Drones can only be used once per playthrough, and replaying a level won't allow you to reuse a drone. There's a few in every level, though, so you won't need to wait long to get another upgrade. Once you've unlocked both upgrades on a weapon you can swap between them at anytime, even in combat, you just need to press the upgrade swap button. It takes a few seconds for the swap to occur, though


Should the US reform its drone program?

Good question.I'd say yes. There are objections both conservatives and liberals have to the drone warfare program-their unconstitutionality, their secrecy, their "collateral damage" in the Middle East, etc.Specific reforms I'd advocate:Allowing only the Department of Defense to authorize drone killingsEnding the "signature strikes" practiceMaking public the procedures to prevent killing civiliansLimiting strikes to al-Qaeda and ISIS leaders and people with a role in past terrorist attacks against the U.S., per the AUMFShould the US reform its drone program?.


How to deal with nameless characters?

Your characters may not have names, but they have to have some identifiers. Other examples in fiction:People will come up with ways to address one another. You as the author need to figure out how to delineate your characters so the reader can distinguish them. Nicknames, shortened versions of lengthy alphanumeric strings, epithets like The Gunslinger, The Doctor, the man with the thistledown hair just be consistent in how you address each individual, and you'll be fine


Can an ultrasonic sensor mounted on a drone pick up another drone strongly enough to sense and avoid?

The range of the ultrasonic sensors ends up at somewhere 5 meters (here is the pre-configured search). However a simple sensor would only measure the distance, by the signal travel time. It does not provide the angular co-ordinates or exact location. Same problem as with the simple radar. May make more sense to fit the drones with transponders so that they could actively broadcast they own location, speed, orientation and intentions to other members of the flock


Why would only a specific model of drone be allowed to fly over crowds?

Special permissions can be granted for platforms with sufficient redundancy.For example, if you have 4 props and one fails you'll crash. But if you have eight (in the correct pattern) and one fails, you can abort the mission and land safely with minimal increased risk to those on the ground.

Same applies to batteries, autopilots, GNSS receivers, etc - if you have no single-point failures, it becomes safer to operate in risky locations (in your example, over people.)


Does the Anti-Bio Beam deal friendly fire?

Does 60 damage to crew members of either ship.From the FTL Wikia:I think it is safe to assume your own crew will take damage while boarding. If you have drone bay feel free to go drone boarder crazy.

Tip: If you have anti-bio beam AND boarder drone put your boarder drone in a 2 by 2 room to get more enemy crew in one spot. Then hit that room with anti-bio beam and all 4 will be hit


What is the difference between spatial analogy and perceptual analogy in Natural mapping

Spatial controls move objects. Perceptual controls move the controller. For example, a jet pilot uses perceptual controls to move himself and the plane. However, a drone pilot uses spatial controls to move only the drone: he remains stationary.Said another way, think of it like the rectangle-square relation: all perceptual controls are also spatial, but not all spatial controls are perceptual. If a control modifies the world perception of the controller, it is perceptual (as well as spatial)


Have we ever seen a female Borg drone 'extra'?

Plenty, though you might not have noticedHere is one of the first drones the Enterprise D crew meets.In episode Q Who, of TNG. wikiNote the early Borg design as well. played by Lynn Salvatori

All of these drones appear in the best of both worldsThis page shows that there have been lots of female drones, however, male drones do appear more dominant, as well as the costumes making it difficult to distinguish Female from Male drones.


Can hmm/mmm considered as humming?

Fun fact, etymologically, the word "to hum" is believed to have drawn its existence ultimately as the result of the sound being imitated.late 14c., hommen "make a murmuring sound to cover embarrassment," later hummen "to buzz, drone" (early 15c.), probably of imitative origin.This is more obvious when one uses the standard onomatopoeic transcription, which is "hmm". "Hmm" and "hum", I'm sure you can see the connection.So yes, it absolutely can be described as a hum


How to improve reputation?

Still searching for a better way, but so far here is what I have:What you do is you accept a patrol mission from a neutral/friendly base (such as in Distant Fume).Patrol missions will always (as far as my experience goes) go though multiple zones, some of which have PMC stations. When that happens, any enemies destroyed grant reputation due to the fact that you are 'protecting their station'.

It works but it's very very slow.


How was Seven of Nine the seventh of nine people to be assimilated?

Seven of Nine was not assimilated with nine other people. She was assimilated along with her parents, Magnus and Erin Hansen. At some point in the future, she was then assigned to a working group servicing Unimatrix 01. This group contained nine drones, of which she was the seventh, hence her full Borg name "Seven of Nine, Tertiary Adjunct of Unimatrix 01"We see several other members of this group (2 of 9, 3 of 9 and 4 of 9) in the Voyager episode 'Survival Instinct'


How could I calculate the destination arrival time?

Having the distance position $x(t)$, in function of time, the velocity is:$$


$$ and taking the differentials:



$$Hence taking the position as parameter instead of the time, the total time can be found as:


tint_0^x frac1v(x)dx approx fracxv

$$If $v$ is only a rough estimate from the real velocity, then the estimated time of course will also be a rough estimate.


Identify title and author of a time travel short story

I think it's a Philip K Dick short story, "Meddler". The "aliens" are butterflies that lay eggs on the time machine.A description of the ending: Hasten explains what he learned. The butterflies only attack humans, and leave other living things along. Wood is confident that with this knowledge humans can stop the butterflies. A soldier notices that the Time Car has many cocoons, most of which are already empty. The butterflies have been released into the present


Comment traduire you hear a low chanting drone ?

Pour sortir du mot mot :Le murmure d'un drone arrive vos oreilles.Un lger bruissement rvle un drone (dans le contexte, il ne peut tre ou que par vous).S'il ne s'agit pas d'un jeu informatique qui se passerait de nos jours, mais d'une vocation mdivale, le bourdonnement manifestation sonore du faux bourdon (drone en anglais) est de rigueur :Un faible bourdonnement vous arrive aux oreilles.

Le bourdonnement d'un chant monotone vous parvient


What happens when the Borg assimilate a pregnant woman?

Why not the opposite. If the Borg can speed up gestation why not just have the mother re-assimilate the fetus in the normal process of becoming a Borg. Recall they want to add things from the organisms they assimilate a fetus doesn't really give anything except a resource commitment until it can fend for itself. I think they'd probably make a choice based upon how far along the woman was:Its not nice, but they are the Borg.


Showing $nu_1^2 nu_1nu_2 nu_2^2nu_2nu_3 nu_3^2 > 0$ for $nu_1, nu_2, nu_3$ not all $0$





2 & 1 & 0

1 & 2 & 1

0 & 1 & 2




is positive definite. If you leave off the $1/2$ factor, you have the Hessian matrix of second partial derivatives of the form. Meanwhile, if we allow $x,y,z$ to take only integer values, $$ x^2 y^2 z^2 yz xy $$ takes all integer values other than $4^k (16n 14).$ Note that we need to allow $x,y,z$ to be positive, negative, or zero to guarantee getting all the promised (positive) integers.

pas de données
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Canada Bids for Mothballed Prototype Drone From Germany ...
BERLIN (Reuters) - The German Defence Ministry is evaluating a bid from Canada to buy a high-altitude surveillance drone that has been parked at a German air base for years after the cancellation of the Euro Hawk programme in 2013, with a further bid possible from NATO.Canada has submitted a formal bid for the prototype aircraft, which was stripped of key equipment and demilitarised by the United States in 2017, a ministry spokesman said on Wednesday without providing further details.Canadian media have reported that Canada could use the drone, built by Northrop Grumman, to monitor oil spills, ice levels and marine habitats in the remote Arctic region.NATO, which is buying its own fleet of Northrop drones, is also considering a bid for the mothballed German aircraft but has not yet submitted it, said sources familiar with the process. NATO had no immediate comment.There was no immediate reply from the Canadian government.A sale of the drone would end an embarrassing chapter that raised concerns about the German military's procurement process and triggered the transfer of former Defence Minister Thomas de Maiziere to another cabinet post.Berlin told lawmakers last year that it had spent about 700 million euros ($793.5 million) on the Euro Hawk prototype, and the ISIS surveillance system built by Airbus.Berlin initiated plans in 2000 to buy five Euro Hawk drones based on Northrop's Global Hawk unmanned system at a cost of about 1.2 billion euros but later cancelled the programme because of cost overruns and problems obtaining certification for use in civilian airspace in Germany.It had only received the one prototype aircraft that is now being sold.Berlin is now negotiating with Northrop to buy several MQ-4C Triton drones for delivery after 2025. Northrop last year said the process could take years to complete.German opposition lawmaker Andrej Hunko, a member of the radical Left party, said the government had declared the aircraft incapable of flight after the U.S. Air Force removed U.S. built radio equipment and other key systems when it demilitarised the aircraft in 2017."The airplane has salvage value at best," he told Reuters."Any proceeds from the sale would be a drop in the bucket, compared with the huge amounts spent on the programme." For NATO, the drone could provide additional support to the fleet of five high-altitude unmanned Global Hawk planes it agreed to buy from Northrop in 2012 for $1.7 billion, along with transportable ground stations.Industry officials said the Euro Hawk saga underscored problems in military procurement, noting that NATO's sister aircraft regularly traverse German air space to conduct surveillance missions over the North Sea. They also have no blanket approval for use in German civilian airspace but use case-by-case permissions from air traffic authorities.It was not immediately clear what steps would be needed to return the Euro Hawk prototype to flight.($1 = 0.8821 euros)
How far Can the Tello Drone Fly?
Most of yhe Tello Drones can fly for upto 21 minutes and have a radius distance from the operator of upto 4Km. At this distance one has to be aware of the Aviation Laws surrounding the use of dro es especially line of site to the operator1. Drone vs Human Pilot. Who is superior in flight?Drone ... no life sacrifice when flying in a dangerous mission2. What is a summary of the drone attack problem?In summary the US can target Americans overseas without due process and in our zeal we are killing civilians in a country that we are not at war with. Pakistan. We are making many more terrorist than we are killing. My source would be Pakistani friends who have seen it all.3. How can Americans be so against drone surveillance?People who are breaking the law, do not want to be observed. They do not want their luggage searched. They do not want traffic cams. They do not want anything they can not hide from. Satan works in secret. God works openly.4. Drone Controller, PID Is Enough, or ODE Modeling Required?You can certainly use a PID based design and tune it from there. This design is simple enough that if you just have XYZ PID controllers and proper output mixing it should work just fine.I would recommend doing something similar to his design where the motors are far from the center of mass which will increase the torque generated by tilting the motors. Good luck!.5. Moral implications of Drone attacks?If they possessed the technology, rest assured muslims would be using drones against "infidels." I believe drones are at least as moral as IEDs or homicide bombers6. How can I make a drone that flies without an RC that simply hovers in place?I'm not exactly sure of your needs or end goal, but I will see what I can come up with.There are a few necessary items just to get you into the air. As you can imagine, some sort of lift is needed. You can get away with a tri-copter setup and save yourself the extra motor and electronics.At Minimum, You would needPropellersMotorsSpeed ControllersPower SupplyFlight ControllerPower Distribution BoardCameraFrame to Hold EverythingI did not list a controller in there, as you had mentioned you wanted it to simply hover. This would not get you far off the ground, and I'm not sure exactly how you would make this land under your control. At the very least, a phone app with Bluetooth or wifi would allow you to take off, land, and change the hover height, with a good flight controller with GPS lock/position hold. Even so, I would still highly recommend something for a controller in case the drone were to drift away, which can still happen.As Gary Mortimer explained, a tethered power option would be usable, given that the drone is not moved. Your drone would also have to lift the weight of the tether as its altitude climbs and the cable is lifted off the ground. 400 feet of cable can get quite heavy if that is your lifting expectations.Please check with local and federal laws about where you can and cannot fly. There are too many people not following the rules and this endangers everyone around them. I fly both RC and LearJets. I see things from both sides. I have passed too many drones being in the wrong. Aircraft have the right of way at all times. How can I make a drone that flies without an RC that simply hovers in place?7. is the "eldrazi" creature type different from the "eldrazi drone" creature type, or is it just 2 types?"Eldrazi" and "Drone" are two different creature types. Anything that affects Eldrazi will affect Eldrazi Drones as well (as will anything that affects Drones)8. Counter-Drone Market Report 2020Upon popular demand, we've pooled all of our resources, data and expertise to create the Counter-Drone Market Report 2020. It answers all of your questions about what the industry actually looks like, which companies populate it, how investments and public tenders have evolved over time, where regulations currently stand, how counter-drone technology can be broken down, and much more. In addition to the PDF report, you will also get a list of over 575 counter-drone solutions, 253 counter-drone companies, and 45 counter-drone contracts. Chapter 2 focuses on the market environment, giving an analysis of the current market players and solutions, as well as a run-down of all disclosed counter-drone investments and contracts, as well as a list of key counter-drone partnerships. Next, Chapter 3 delves into counter-drone technology, breaking solutions down into threat detection and interdiction. 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Rasters.io, an Essential Support for Precision Agriculture!
For agricultural producers, precision farming is no longer a buzzword, it is an imminent shift in the field of agriculture.By 2020, the precision agriculture market is expected to grow from 730 million dollars to 2.42 billion dollars.Technologies such as drones, radio frequencies (RF), autonomous tractors and IoT applications play a role in the transformation of agriculture. 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When combined with a monitoring system, this information will be used to improve decision-making or even to automatically activate the irrigation system." Rasters.io, embedding external data sources in a real-time map presentation"The Canadian company, Rasters. io, is one of the innovative companies in the technological wave of precision agriculture. Rasters.io provides a mapping visualization system that can integrate external data sources and IoT to satellite and aerial maps. In real time, Rasters.io performs thousands of checks to process new information sent by IoTs. According to business rules, the graphic elements are modified to present farmers with representative maps of the current state of the crops and thus help to improve decision-making.Drone images integration to Rasters.ioBy using drones like DJI, farmers are able to schedule autonomous flights from their fields. The photos captured by the drone are then sent to photogrammetry platforms to be processed. These solutions like DroneDeploy, Pix4D or OpenDroneMap can generate visual maps of crop health (NDVI) or of elevations that can easily be added to Rasters.io. This integration allows farmers to centralize this information with one platform without having to use multiple applications to perform analysis.Soil Moisture SensorsEssential in the field of precision agriculture, these instruments make it possible to continuously measure and monitor soil moisture. The data is then analyzed and directs farmers to perform more controlled irrigation and thereby significantly reduce the necessary water consumption.Rasters.io proposes a solution for precision agriculture by providing farmers with a cartographic tool that allows to know the state of soil moisture of all the sensors installed on their land. When recovering information from each sensor, the farmer is able to understand more quickly the state of their crops and sees to carry out irrigation operations as needed. The agriculture sector is the largest consumer of drinking water in the world, it uses more than 69% of water available on the planet for the production of consumable products for the people.Whether it is deficit irrigation or water conservation, accurate measurement of soil moisture is essential for crop production and quality. In the future, measuring and monitoring soil moisture will become increasingly important to meet the needs of the growing demand for food. Visualize all devices in real-timeAnother important aspect of farm management is the ability to visualize, in real time, the position and status of all your equipment. Whether locating tractors, tanks, trucks, sensors or even knowing exactly where your teams are in the field, geographic information plays a key role.With Rasters.io, you can configure different connectors to acquire all field data in real time. 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Thus, when a sensor reaches a certain threshold, actions can be executed automatically:Send an email to notify the farmer that sensor 1 has reached a value of 23%Change the color of the equipment on the map (show the icon in red)Start the irrigation system of the area where the probe is locatedThe real-time localization, in turn, tracks the progress of the harvest for each team in the field. When the GPS of a picking team enters or exits an area configured on the map, the system can send a notification and change the state of the area to indicate that it is complete. It will become green and you will know the precise time a team spent in each zone.These simple rules demonstrate how it is possible to use the state or position of a device to be visually notified on the map and automate some of your processes. By using the right technology in the right place, it is now possible, and at a low cost, to take advantage of the full power of these new tools for your organization. Rasters.io offers a complete software infrastructure including mapping, custom layers (drones), sensor history and status, and process automation.Try Rasters.io now !Should Cheney criticize Obama more often like he did over the loss of our ultra-secret drone?Yes Cheney is only calling a Spade a Spade...in other words telling the truth about the incompetent boob Obama
What Is the Fastest Way to Receive a Real-time Image/video From an UAV/drone Which Is far Away?
The "easiest" way to get a real-time video from a UAV that is far away is to use something along the lines of the DJI lightbridge 2($1399) or the Connex HD($1599). Both of these have little to no latency at long distance but with the lightbridge you can only use it with DJI product but the Connex HD can be used on any UAV1. Extracting images from a camera in real-timeMost of the of the Canon A series cameras are able to run the free and stunningly capable CHDK - Canon Hack Development Kit and also here. CHDK is installed on an SD card which is inderted in the camera and the camera loads and runs it along with any "program" files at power up. The camera is not altered. I understand that the latest Canon A series camera are not compatible, but the project is ongoing and capable.Overview here They say:Enhanced Image Capture: CHDK supports RAW format for pictures (in addition to JPEG), longer recording time and length for videos (up to 1 hour or 2GBs), and several new compression options.Additional Information On-Screen: With CHDK, you can customize your on-screen display to your heart's content, including worthwhile information like remaining battery life, histogram, depth of focus, and more.Additional Photographic Settings: CHDK takes many of the features already available on your camera and gives you way more options, including longer exposure times (up to 65 seconds), faster shutter speeds (1/25,000 sec or faster), automatic bracketing of your photos, and more.Support for Small Programs/Scripts: CHDK can run small scripts that will allow your camera to perform a set of actions based on the conditions of the script. Tons of scripts are available, and they provide functionality like motion-sensing photography (which reportedly works for lightning strikes) and unlimited interval time-lapse photography (see video below). Click to viewEven better, CHDK is being actively developed, which means that new features are always on the horizon. There are actually several versions of CHDK in development, but the version we are going to focus on is called the Allbest build-a build that incorporates many of the best features available in other builds (get it?).What You will NeedTo use CHDK, all you need is a supported Canon digital camera and an SD memory card. If you've already got a supported camera then it only follows that you've got the memory card, so you are already well on your way.2. what is hemp in oil and gas industry?Hemp is not a player in the oil and gas industry. It's a potential oil crop (biodiesel) but like all oil crops, suffers from the lack of energy available from real time sunlight (compared to fossil fuels). It's about as good an oil crop as soy, and inferior to canola and jatropha. Hemp is also marijuana, and is often pushed by people that want to see marijuana legalized. That's usually why you hear about it. The world was powered by biofuels once. We cooked with wood, rode horses, and our trains took us across the country at a whopping 25 mph. I do not know why people think we can do better now. Capturing the sun's energy in real time cannot compete with the millenia of solar energy stored in fossil fuels. DK3. Would you pay 99 cents for an app that tracked your health in real time that gave you accurate life expectancy information?Interesting. Off the top of my head, no. But know two things about me before your pitch. 1. I have never bought an app, not for zero cents, not for 99 cents. I see them as fleeting and the concept does not fit my lifestyle. 2. I am a health nut. I want to see the proof of your numbers and be offered a trial period before buying a service, not an app. I would want to be able to customise this service to my daily routine to kick my ass amd increase my chance to live longer. I would want the idea of stamina ingrained and taken up levels progressively, as a sign of my progress. I am currently in a lazy phase and not happy about it. If the grim reaper mocked me I might get angry and get moving. The service would have to be at a higher price point and be seamless once "designed" for me.
Is It Possible, and How Would I Find the Home Computer of a Drone Virus Type Problem.?
Only way I can think of from this lack of info :) ^^^ Is know the filename? Track SMTP traffic? Or other ports of course depending on your virus. Or.... Just do not let it get there in the first place, use removable media blockers.1. What if anything makes launching a recovered SpaceX rocket from a drone ship implausible?Obviously the ship would need infrastructure to refuel the rocket and connect a new payload / fairing.That's a start. You cannot wave those huge issues away. The physics problems you instead want us to focus on are miniscule. After all, Sea Launch has had a 89% success rate out of 36 attempted launches. That's not great, but it's not bad. The real problems lie in the areas of engineering: Infrastructure, supply chain, and people. Those engineering issues equate to money. Reducing the cost of launching a vehicle into space has been the driving force behind SpaceX from day one. One key problem with launching from sea is that it drives up costs, massively, in terms of infrastructure, supply chain, people, ...Another key problem: The outlined approach in the question does not solve the problem. The reason SpaceX uses its barges is because sometimes the launch vehicle does not have enough reserve fuel to return to the launch site. A separate barge would be needed for landing with a sea launch from a highly upgraded barge2. Would a class 4 laser have enough power to knock down a drone?Class 4 covers a very broad range of powers. Some towards the upper end of the power range theoretically could at close range if you could keep the beam on it long enough3. Would this be considered a drone?I guess with a rope attached to it but if it has any type of GPS device on it - then it is illegal4. What age can Military Drone Pilots retire?Its all military ,period you won,t be a pilot for long few years. depends on how long you wan,t to be in the Military,you can retire at 20 years 30 years, 40 years,How long do you want to stay in.My aunt retired at 35 years5. Can I fly my drone over a city park?Yahoo is universal but municipal laws vary wildly around the globe. No one can answer your question without knowing which city you are referring to...6. Well it's another weekend, and I'm home alone, nothing going on but a television drone?What about videogames and books. C'mon, there are also good movies to rent on DVD7. What is the best FPV drone to buy that I can mount a GoPro onto?Hey Eric,I'm going to expand a little on your question because you attach a GoPro to just about anything. I think what you would prefer is a GoPro camera that is on a stabilized gimbal, correct? Then there is, of course, which model of GoPro you have - Hero 2 through Hero 7. So with that in mind you need to decide what your budget is and how much "new tech" you absolutely have to have. The reason I say that is there are a couple of "orphans" out there that do a credible job. The first being the GoPro Karma then there is the 3DR Solo. You can find them cheap but you'll need to be a little bit of a electronics nerd and an internet scrounger to keep up with maintenance and parts. Since you mention FPV, is that what your goal is to fly via first person view and record at the same time? If that is the case, there are several front line drones available that will do that. Start with DJI, then Yuneec, and then work your way down from there. All have FPV capabilities with a wide range of capabilities to fit your style of flying. Good Luck!What is the best FPV drone to buy that I can mount a GoPro onto?8. What is a good Drone for a beginner? I'm willing to spend $100-$200 for a decent medium sized Drone with decent camera, any suggestions?I hate to break it to you, but if you want a decent drone, with a decent camera you will be spending a little bit more than $200. Look into Parrot drones, they have a few different models, and compared to others are not too expensive
Do You Have to Be a Pilot in the Airforce to Qualify for (UAV) Drone Pilot ?
No lol. In the Army the MOS is 96U Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Operator and you need to score at least a 105 in Surveillance and Communications on the ASVAB. I was going to do that but the training is 6 1/2 months long to fly the predators and I would rather just do 13 weeks for infantry. There are no pilots in those things.. Hence the word Unmanned in Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Operator.1. In the future, what will weaponry be like?I am not an expert but I read a great deal and have opinions based on current weapon development.I think we will gradually move from cased ammunition weapons to energy projection weapons that fire pulses that stop a heart, blind opponents and fire explosive rounds that follow a target. Instead of magazines of bullets, guns will contain energy packs that fire chemical lasers or other pulse weapons. This is in cases where soldiers remain in use.I think there will be increased use of snipers and sniper equipment will get more electronic, more accurate and quieter, plus work over longer distances. Nothing sows fear in the battlefield like a sniper. Snipers will also be used as tools of foreign policy. Cyber warfare will be instrumental with warring sides attempting to control and damage power stations, water plants, chemical plants, refineries and the like by inserting viruses and trojans into key systems the activating them at the proper time. Military systems will need to be hardened and kept completely separate from radio and network attachment to insure they remain operational during combat. Drones will swarm battlefields, some large and armed with pinpoint accurate energy weapons, some with torso-affecting heat rays or similar non-lethal means of crippling, blinding or dispersing crowds. Riot control will be by drone. There will also be drones as small as bees flying in huge numbers around enemy encampments and sites, both to gather intelligence and to deliver explosive charges with pinpoint accuracy on individuals and sensitive equipments, such as computers or monitors. They will not need to be controlled from a ground station but have a mind of their own like real bugs. A great deal of effort will be made to thwart all kinds of drones, such as laser targetting, shotgun type weapons, screens, emp or energy devices fired at intervals for proactive and reactive defense against massed tiny drones. Perhaps much warfare will move underground or under water as a result. Body armor would have to change, with detection equipment and specialized weapons that can neutralize drone attacks. Different kinds of camoflage and misdirection tools would be needed to fool drones or redirect them. There will be interference electronics. Because drones will be so cheap to build, there will be fewer, if any manned fighters or bombers. The result will be different kinds of aerial flying machines with more and different kinds of weapons where there used to be life support for a human pilot. Because they will be cheaper and more expendable, there may be more massed attacks with more dogfight style combat with hundreds of planes fighting for air superiority at one one preceding a drone invasion that paints the landscape for standoff target acquisition, soldier elimination and intelligence gathering. A successful attack might involve the elimination of all human targets by drones before robot mules move in to blast open gates and armored positions before the human soldiers take the position.Ship based war will change as warships become flat panels on the water with little profile, recessed rapid fire rail guns that emerge when needed, lots of standoff missiles, the ability to move at 70 or 80 MPH on the water and have a tiny crew of five or ten men despite displacing tens of thousands of tons. Submarines will still exist as part of the nuclear triad but they also may change to be faster, have fewer crew and able to carry out additional missions, for example, replacing amphibious assualt ships be including fast attack hydrofoils, drone deployment devices, weapons to acquire air superiority from drone attacks and short range EMP or radio interference delivery systems. Satellite weaponry will continute to evolve in ways that make it possible to destroy enemy GPS and military communications satellites thus blinding and muting enemy communications. Eventually, it will be difficult for diplomats to ever walk outside or even near a window: riots will be crushed by remotely controlled, unmanned drones sending heat rays. Enemy and domestic intelligence will be gathered by drones invading all privacy and voice telecommunications will be radically changed to thwart CARNIVORE-like collating engines. Messages will be handwritten and hand delivered, just like the old days. Future warfare will be both less bloody and more deadly, with more civilian involvement and more loss of limbs and eyesight. Fewer soldiers will die but more will be crippled2. Drones and logistics: how far have we really come?At the end of 2016, Amazon finally delivered a package by drone for the first time after many years of research. An unmanned, GPS-controlled drone carried a package containing popcorn and a media player on a 13-minute journey to a customer who lived in a secluded spot in England. So can we expect the same flying couriers delivering packages in our own country soon? According to a survey of the VIL (the innovation platform for the logistics sector in Flanders), this may take some time yet. The most imaginative use of drones in logistics is that of automated parcels delivery. The benefits are easy to see: no need for drivers, environment-friendly, no traffic problems, and the ability to deliver to apartment terraces or hard-to-reach areas. Furthermore, a drone is fairly easy to control as long as it is under the control of a pilot who is within the "line of sight". But if we were to try an autonomous drone, such as that behind the Amazon story, it becomes a whole different story. The technology to avoid such obstacles as electricity poles or trees exists, but it is not yet advanced enough to deliver packages by drones on a large scale. In addition, legislation in Belgium and the surrounding countries must be more accommodating. Currently, both in Belgium and the Netherlands, there are "no-fly" zones where drones are not allowed to fly, for example near military areas or airports. However, these zones are vast and mainly located around our large cities (Antwerp, Brussels, Amsterdam, etc.), which means any investment in drones is not currently an interesting proposition for retail companies. Despite this legislation, it is estimated that around 400,000 drones will be flying around the European Union by 2050. But in addition to technology and legislation, public opinion must also be considered. The question is, are people are ready to see dozens of drones with built-in cameras flying above their homes? How can drones be used in logistics? In collaboration with the University of Leuven, VIL carried out a specialised project concerning drones in logistics. They worked with 11 companies to examine how drones can play a practical role in the logistics sector. First of all, drones can be used for stock-taking in hard-to-reach, external locations. For example, the steel company NHS has 175 cubic metres of steel spread over a 3-km quayside at the port of Antwerp. Previously, unloading required a written process to keep track of where the steel beams had been laid. In collaboration with the VIL, NHS initiated a business case to see if drones could be of any use when taking stock of all the steel. In addition, there have been many research projects that have been carried out concerning stock-taking with drones in internal locations. Compared to the standard process in which warehouse employees can only check stock by using cherry-pickers, this work could be carried out much quicker and more efficiently with drones in the future. The physical stock-taking process could then be carried out at night without any human intervention so the warehouse does not suffer any downtime. In addition, there are also many types of additional applications that can be added to a drone; for example, a barcode or RFID scanner, a (thermal) camera, a sniffer for gas detection, an infrared camera for day and night use, a multi-spectral camera to detect plant health, etc. However, as with the delivery of packages, the technology is not yet ready for autonomous drones to be flying around inside a warehouse. The GPS signals do not work well within a warehouse, while the turbulence generated between the shelving can cause difficulties. In addition, the battery inside a drone is often not long enough to check an entire row. So what is a realistic stock-taking application with drones for logistics service providers today? Logistics service provider H. Essers is examining the use of drones as a kind of "video capturing tool". An autonomous drone flies along the shelving in the warehouse and captures all the images. The inventory can either be monitored live, or using the recorded images (post-processing). A second practical application is the use of drones for patrolling industrial sites or outdoor storage areas. For example, the company ICO have up to 2 million cars parked on their site. Currently, security is provided by fixed cameras and guards who only go out to a spot if there is an incident notification. Working with drones can result in increased and improved checks being carried out within a shorter period of time. By equipping drones with heat sensor cameras, intruders can be observed much more easily. In the future, this may also be extended with facial recognition to identify individuals.3. Are US nuclear power plants prepared for a drone attack like we saw in Saudi Arabia?RE: Are US nuclear power plants prepared for a drone attack like we saw in Saudi Arabia?I am by no means an expert on how nuclear power plants are protected, but I do know that the reactors themselves are VERY hardened targets contained in a building which is built to resist airliner impact. Why go after a hardened target like a nuclear power plant when you can attack much softer targets and do a lot more damage?Plus there is not a drone ever designed, let alone made, which can reach the US from Iran.If that attack proves anything it shows us AGAIN that we here in the US are dependent upon foreign sources of energy. Oh, BTW, there is enough uranium and thorium right here in the US to supply our energy needs for thousands of years, by which time we should have figured out how to make fusion work.If you want to worry about something like a hypothetical release of radiation from an attack which will probably never happen, then I suggest, instead, that you focus your attention on the very real, everyday, and voluminous releases of toxic chemicals into our air and water by the people who burn coal, oil and natural gas and the people who supply those materials. That attack is effective and it causes casualties every day. LOTS of casualties. Air pollution - World Health OrganizationWho's next to die from fossil fuels?
31 Best Dropshipping Niches for 2021 [marketing Tips]
Thinking about the best niches for dropshipping? You could delve into drones and accessories. They come in varieties ranging from cameras to remote-controlled drones and mobile drones. However, this is quite a vast niche, and you might not do so well when you focus on everything. Here's what to do; choose a sub-niche, and hone your focus on finding your best audience. There are various sub-niches in the drone category, and virtually all can give you good bucks.How Drone Cinematography WorksA drone is a way safer bet for catching mesmerizing images of the bubbling Bardarbunga volcano system. Against a black night, glowing red-orange, molten lava pours down the sides of a volcano in the remote wastelands of northern Iceland. The camera operator swoops closer and closer. You can almost feel the heat pouring through the screen as the lava bubbles and spews. You begin to worry about whoever's holding the camera and whoever's flying the helicopter. You've seen the set-up: a chopper zooming overhead, cinematographer hanging out the side, risking life and limb for the perfect shot. What if that volcano stops bubbling and begins to blow? You can stop worrying; the operator is a safe distance away, holding a joystick and looking at the monitor on his cellphone. The camera is a GoPro attached to an off-the-shelf drone called a quadcopter. To get this shot, Cheng had to drive 15 hours outside of Reykjavik to within 1.2 miles (2 kilometers) of the volcano's main caldera before deploying his toy. Even then, he was having trouble getting the right shot. A policeman who accompanied him said that if he went any closer, he would be proceeding at his own risk. Cheng decided to take the chance. He hiked close enough to send his drone in for a series of extraordinary shots that would be impossible for a human holding a camera to achieve. Even better, he recorded the footage wirelessly as it was shot - so even if the camera was destroyed, he would still have the results. It's easy to see why the film world is getting excited about drone shots. They are safer, cheaper, and easier, and that's why it seems likely that the spectacle of a cinematographer dangling from a copter may soon go the way of silent film. Joseph Kennedy was piloting an early-model drone when it exploded over Suffolk, England, in 1944. England, 1944: U.S. The plan is that once he reaches a predetermined altitude, he will abandon the plane and parachute to safety. A "mothership" will then take over control of the aircraft, piloting it by remote radio-control until it crashes into its target and explodes. Tragically, Kennedy's plane explodes prematurely in mid-air over Suffolk before it even crosses the channel. The quasi-drone Kennedy was piloting was part of the military's long evolution of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV). After the war, the U.S. Thanks in part to America's success with rockets, UAV research slowed down until the Vietnam War. The miniaturization and proliferation of digital technology is the key element that has made the 21st century explosion in drone use possible. According to Chris Anderson, former editor-in-chief of Wired magazine and cofounder of 3D Robotics, civilian use of small drones essentially took off when hobbyists realized they could use smartphone technology to control small UAVs. What started as a do-it-yourself geek-fest has rapidly turned into a growth industry as everybody from climate scientists to search-and-rescue professionals to parcel delivery companies realized how useful a drone can be. Just how popular is this hobby? Order your own drone, slap a camera on a mount and head out into the great beyond to make your movie. A breathtaking panoramic view of a lush green valley turns into a traveling shot as the camera swoops down between mountain ranges and coasts through the valley, following the course of a river until it reaches the sea. We are familiar with these views from nature and travel documentaries or the opening shots of epic feature films. Once upon a time they signaled high-production values and a budget big enough to pay for renting a helicopter and hiring both a first-rate pilot and an experienced, fearless cinematographer. Now, that same sweeping vista can be captured by a lone traveler with a drone and camera purchased from a department store. In other words, that could be you hiking up some impressive summit, unpacking your UAV and guiding it through canyons and fjords, past waterfalls and wildlife. And that also means that we are about to be overwhelmed by incredible travel and nature cinematography as more and more filmmakers take advantage of this increasingly inexpensive technology. National Geographic has used both drones and robots to capture extraordinary close-up shots of Serengeti lions that would've been impossible to safely film in person. Hollywood is already onboard. A camera mounted on a crane can go up only so high before it reaches its limit. And a helicopter can come down only a certain distance before it begins to interfere with the shooting. As long as its battery lasts, the drone-mounted camera has no limits to its reach or range. Drone shots can include everything from extreme close-ups to panoramic vistas filmed from hundreds of feet up. Unlike the long-range Predator drones used by the military, drone cinematography depends on small quadcopters or octocopters - with four or eight propellers, respectively. The range of options open to the cinematographer is vast, and, for pros, the equipment is often custom-made. For the aspiring drone filmmaker, the New York Film Academy recommends the Pocket Drone or the DJI Phantom Aerial UAV Quadcopter, which comes with an attached high-definition camera. Calvo also uses carbon-fiber propellers, anti-gravity motors and something called a "first-person view system." Whether you are a hobbyist or a professional cinematographer, you have to follow the FAA's rules when it comes to piloting your drone-camera combo. When productions like "Skyfall" have used drones, they were shooting in countries where it was legal to do so. In the U.S., it was illegal until the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) ruled on drone cinematography in September 2014. Thanks to an application from a group of aerial photography companies, the FAA granted a waiver to six production companies to use UAVs. But even with these waivers, the rules are strict. For the hobbyist who wants to record drone footage for non-commercial purposes, the rules are similar. Although you do not need certification, the 400-foot (120-meter) ceiling applies, and if you are within 5 miles (8 kilometers) of an airport you must notify the FAA. The website Know Before You Fly offers clear guidelines and suggests checking with local authorities since the laws and ordinances that govern this kind of activity can vary from region to region. And make sure to do the same if you are planning to film abroad. To get that footage of the volcano in Iceland, for instance, Eric Cheng had to clear a few local bureaucratic hurdles first. There are other restrictions besides the legal ones. As yet, the battery life for a typical drone is not very long. There's also the problem of learning to fly a drone so that it can shoot good footage. It can take quite a bit of practice to be able to control the machine well enough to have it stay focused on what you want to film while keeping the shot steady and smooth. By some accounts, however, a background in gaming is an asset. If you already have a GoPro camera, you can buy a good drone for $600 or $700 and get started. With the right equipment -- like this DJI Phantom 2 quadcopter and GoPro Hero4 camera -- you just might make the next great piece of cinema. You know an innovation has moved from trend to full-fledged "thing" in the world of film and video when it gets its own festival. Claiming to be the first of its kind, The New York City Drone Film Festival debuted March 7, 2015. While the bulk of these shorts were, in essence, documentaries, there was also a jaunty fictional short called "Superman with a GoPro." As the title indicates, we get the man of steel's POV as he speeds over cityscapes and landscapes on his mission to return a misplaced camera. In one particularly haunting work called "The Fallout," a drone camera sails through the ghost town of Chernobyl. While radiation levels have fallen low enough that the nuclear disaster site has in recent years become a destination for tourists, the film has the feel of sci-fi poetry in which a robot camera surveys the ruins of a post-human future. Speaking of the future, "The Fallout," taken together with the incredible footage of the Icelandic volcano mentioned in the intro, could point to at least one direction for the future of drone cinematography. That's the direction in which humans dare not venture. Hollywood has, so far, used drones as substitutes for helicopters and cranes. That means they take the kinds of shots we've come to expect from big budget films, only more safely and cheaply. The full potential of drone cinematography has yet to be explored and will truly come of age when we see more unexpected and exciting footage like that taken by Eric Cheng at the Bardarbunga Volcano. Like that volcano, drone cinema will be both disruptive and creative. One way or another, it's certain to have a major influence on the future of film.
AI at Edge and Drones Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
I was always curious to answer in the slack group of Udacity for Intel edge AI scholars, as to how edge applications can be implemented in real life.My inclination towards implementing Edge deployment is in the area of unmanned aerial vehicles. We are well aware of the popularity of drones and their expected growth in market for real time applications like delivery, analysis, emergency rescue and so on. There is a big need to develop proficient algorithms that can enable drones to deal with complex situations on their own.To ease the process of development, I have broken down the engineering of a drone in three segments1 ) Technical aspects.2) Mechanical aspects.3) Analytical aspects.Let's hit on all of them one by one :Technical aspects:Machine learning algorithm: This is the part which deals with image processing segmentation (Semantic and Instances)Edge deployment:Now,What is Edge deployment ?According to my understanding, Edge deployment is deployment of Algorithm onto the native device. Considering the example of drone, let's imagine a situation where a drone flies to a high latency and low bandwidth point. A connection can not be established in such scenario if we do not have algorithm running natively. Our drone might not be able to make decision and thus will lead to an unexpected scenario. To prevent the drone from exhibiting unexpected behavior, I prefer using edge deployment.The best solution according me, as of now, is to go with Intel openVINO toolkit from Intel.2. Mechanical aspects :Honestly, I am not much aware of mechanical aspects because we have another team working for that. But still I can sum up some of the parameters like:Torque of motors.Power consumed by motor.Material used for build.Material used for wings.Safety clips for wings so that it does not hurt anyone in case of failure of any component.3. Analytical aspects:So this sector will impact both Mechanical and Technical factorsAreas of implementation:Weather : If the place where the drone would be used is rainy, we have to train our model in a slightly different manner. Nature of land: If the terrain id hilly or plane must also be kept in mind.Temperature: As higher the temperature, faster the draining of batteryHow can I make a working drone using a cardboard and some motor under 100 Rs?u can but you wont be able to control it........if it flies it will only rest till the battery dies .... As for the lipo it will cost you around 300 if you already have it then just a coreless motor and a body and you are good to gothanks.If a stealth airplane turns on its radar, does it lose its stealth? Then what's the point of having manned stealth airplanes? A stealth drone can go drop a bomb in radio silence just as well.Stealth is used to get through enemy air defenses. Their radars are not used on the ingress into the target area since they are not detected and do not have to worry about counter-air. For example, in Iraq 1 where the F-117s flew straight in, dropped their bombs and got out without ever being seen. Remember they have passive GPS to get them to the targetIf Pakistan is an "enemy" of sorts that we drone, why does Walmart sell so many products from there?its cheaper to make things in PakistanWhy do Obama refuse to do anything about his drone strikes that have killed over 180 children?No that's not racism. Conservatives are like this each and every time any democrat is in place of work. that's reported as being in opposition such as what occurs contained in the British parliament. in no way contained in the history of united states of america of america has the philosophy of the events been so a ways divided. info of it truly is the two budgets provided with the aid of the republican congress and democratic senateNow that China and Russia have our knowledge of the drone, will we just create something else better?Probably will but only once we get a commander in chief that has the right idea about the militaryWhy does an untalnted drone like Nick Lachey get more air time then people who really count? Humor me!!!!!?For the same reason his untalented ex-wife and her little sissy are all over the place. This country is full of clueless people who only care about boobs, muscles, and gossip
Director Julie Taymor Steers a 'Grounded' Portrait of a Drone Pilot
For a certain kind of theater goer, the name Julie Taymor is enough to get them to the box office. Ticket holders outside New York's Public Theater call her a "pioneer" and a "terrific director." They're waiting to see Taymor's new play, Grounded - an intimate, political, one-woman show that seems to be the opposite of what the director is known for, which is spectacle.Taymor was the creative force behind The Lion King, one of the longest-running and best-selling shows on Broadway, and she's also known for the notoriously expensive and troubled musical adaptation of Spider-Man. She left that production before it officially opened, something theater goer Susan Jacobsen makes note of. "Unfortunately, I think Spider-Man just undid her reputation," she says.But when you ask Taymor about Spider-Man, as NPR did during a recent visit to her sunny loft apartment, she's nonplussed. "It [was] four years ago," she says. "I'll just say that I loved the ideas, I loved creating it and there [are] a lot of reasons why that thing fell apart. ... It's so past, it's so over."Her new play is the antithesis of Spider-Man. It tells the story of daily life for a fighter pilot who carries out U.S. drone missions. Anne Hathaway plays the swaggering flyer obsessed with blue skies and destroying the enemy. After pregnancy and maternity leave take her out of the pilot seat, she's reassigned to a different seat. Yes, she'll be flying again, but, as she says to her husband, her new job has a catch:For Hathaway's nameless pilot, the war takes place on a stage that's little more than a layer of sand and a single metal chair with a wall of black reflective glass behind her. Through lights, music and computer projections, the audience follows her to a Vegas showroom, along a Nevada highway and into the trailer where she spends her shift scanning gray-scale drone surveillance feeds for bodies. That's despite the fact that playwright George Brant wrote hardly any stage instructions in his script."It was a very interesting challenge to figure out what to do visually that would not overwhelm the solo actor," Taymor says. "The stage directions, the action that she does, is all there to support the story, never to compete with it."In one scene, Taymor projects yellow lines onto the stage to simulate a highway. She says they "really play with [the character's] love of speed, but also the travel every day. Her life is this constant 12 hours here, 12 hours ... at home."When the character is in the drone trailer, Taymor uses sound and music to communicate the tense nature of the work. "Her pulse is going and she's sweating and all of that," the director says. "The music is really her energy and she needs to decompress in a big way. And it's also for the audience - you need a break from dialogue."Taymor's big production experience made her extra cautious when it came to overshadowing the pilot with effects, so she tried to keep things simple. "There's only one chair," she says. "The Chair Force - the idea of having to be stuck in a BarcaLounger 12 hours a day - is a pretty meaningful piece of furniture in her life. And we're able to then use that chair to become the bed, to become the psychiatrist couch. And Anne just has to turn it a little bit, shift her body, minimal movement - minimal - and you get a whole new location."Grounded's political content also marks a departure from Taymor's previous work. "I somehow stayed with the classics and with other kinds of works and have never been asked to do a contemporary play, so this was fresh for me," she says. "And the subject matter was so - it was invigorating and disturbing. The last five months that I've had to do the research has been both. It has been 'Oh my God, I can't believe what we're doing,' and at the same time, 'Wow, if we can get this out.'"Taymor hopes the play will help show people that drone pilots can also fall victim to post-traumatic stress. She says, "They have it because something that is very different that you learn in this play is that when she was a fighter pilot, she'd drop a bomb, but she was long gone - she never saw the effect. Where now they have to sit and linger over the bombs that are dropped and they see body parts. They see the destruction in a way that's a good thing because it's not a video game - it's not clean and pretty. But we, the public who ask these men and women to do this work for our country, have to understand that it is a very tough life. They are safe physically, but their minds are not safe."
The Drone Is in the Heart
THIS IS A BOOK about the history and cultural significance of the drone in music, although I think you could be forgiven if you did not glean that from the title. I am well aware it's none of my business, but I've been trying to think what might have been a better one.I first considered something simple, direct, and not too po-faced: The Big Book of Drones, for instance. But I soon realized that potential readers might think it was a book about those airborne things that destroy people's privacy at home and end people's lives abroad. The same problem would apply to The Game of Drones, though that is a snappy title. I see on Twitter that Stephen Mallinder of Cabaret Voltaire referred to the book as The Drone Tome, which is pretty good, though it does not solve the basic problem. Inserting the word "music" into any of those titles somehow dilutes the impact: The Big Book of Musical Drones or The Musical Drone Tome just does not cut it.Titles are always hard, but even so I think I can safely say that, regardless of how long I thought about it, I would never have come up with Monolithic Undertow: In Search of Sonic Oblivion. It does not even contain the word drone! We have to rely on a jacket quotation from Beck that calls the book "an inspired and intuitive navigation of the drone continuum," which is fair enough, although there's still no mention of music, and I am not sure he's being especially helpful when, in the same blurb, he tells us that the book has "a compass firmly set to new and enlightening psychedelic truths."Obviously, you can not judge a book by its blurb, though in this case you can learn quite a bit from its cover, which looks like part of a lightshow from a Hawkwind gig. Harry Sword is evidently very fond of Hawkwind and their "dronal texture that both bedded down the sound and evoked the infinite expanse of space referenced in the lyrics." He's also taken by the rumor that the band's synth guru, Dik Mik, could make audience members "soil themselves" if he summoned up the right frequencies on his mysterious black boxes.So, what is a musical drone? I do not think it's an entirely superfluous question, because I suspect there are quite a few sophisticated and enthusiastic music listeners who might struggle to say exactly what a drone is, and they certainly might not know that there's a genre of "drone music." I suppose most of those people wo not be reading Harry Sword's book, but even so it's good that he takes the trouble to define what a drone is. "The word," he says,is myriad. In music, drone is an audio space where age-old markers such as verse, chorus, verse or complex progressions are rendered redundant. Sounds do not (or, crucially, appear not to) change at all. Static, hiss, white noise, feedback - these are all drones. In essence, drone equals sustain. Sustained sustain, if you will.I like that.Drones can emanate from organs, didgeridoos, bagpipes, hurdy gurdies, Tuvan throat singers, sitars, and of course from electric guitars and synthesizers. In Sword's account, they date back to at least Neolithic times, appearing in tribal and religious chants - Buddhist, Hindu, and Christian among them. We also, apparently, hear a drone when we are in the womb. Latterly they appear, with greater or lesser emphasis, in mainstream and popular Western music, from Bach to the Beatles (via Ravi Shankar in the latter case), from Stockhausen to Spacemen 3, from William Basinski to David Bowie (especially when Robert Fripp was in the band).Harry Sword's narrative, sometimes formulated as a quest, extends from the sonic possibilities of caves in Malta all the way through to electronica and doom metal, with a special emphasis on what he calls "the twentieth century underground": Terry Riley, Tony Conrad, Pauline Oliveros, and, above all, La Monte Young - "the daddy of us all," according to Brian Eno.Since the Industrial Revolution, humankind has lived with the apparently non-musical drone of machines, and since the early 20th century, composers and listeners have become increasingly aware that these sounds have rich sonic, and indeed musical, possibilities, a notion crystallized in Luigi Russolo's 1913 Futurist manifesto The Art of Noises (L'Arte dei Rumori). And so, we find ourselves listening to the drone of machines: planes and boats and trains, vacuum cleaners, washing machines, central heating systems, and so on; even traffic.Here is my favorite of all the many wonderful things said by John Cage: "When I hear what we call music," he remarked during a 1991 interview,it seems to me that someone is talking. And talking about his feelings or about his ideas, of relationships. But when I hear traffic, the sound of traffic here on Sixth Avenue for instance, I do not have the feeling that anyone is talking, I have the feeling that a sound is acting, and I love the activity of sound. What it does, is it gets louder and quieter, and it gets higher and lower. And it gets longer and shorter. [...] I am completely satisfied with that, I do not need sound to talk to me.Would he have considered that traffic sound to be a drone? Well, he did not use the word, but surely he would have had no difficulty with the concept. Harry Sword reckons that Cage's well-known, and occasionally contested, story about entering an anechoic chamber and hearing the sounds of his own blood and nervous system is an experience of "the bodily drone."I was surprised (to the extent that anything on the internet surprises me anymore) to find multiple YouTube videos with titles such as "City Traffic Sounds at Night," "Highway Sounds: 1 Hour of Relaxing White Noise to De-Stress," "City Traffic Sounds for Sleep, Highway Ambience at Night" - that last one comes from South Korea and lasts for 10 hours. There's even a piece that claims to acclimatize your dog to traffic noise. These videos purport to be functional but they are surprisingly (if you are still surprised by anything on the internet) listenable and sometimes even compelling, and if you would told me these were the work of some new, cutting-edge Japanese drone artist, I would not have argued with you.Others would no doubt simply hear them as noise or, worse, as noise pollution, and this gives Harry Sword a problem that he struggles with from time to time in his book: trying to make a distinction between good drones and bad drones. "Noise pollution is the drone at its most dismal incarnation," he says at one point, and elsewhere: "[T]he drone as noise, sonic backdrop to a life of servitude, is a potent symbol of capitalist overload."Sword goes to visit La Monte Young and Marian Zazeela's "Dream House" in lower Manhattan where "[s]ub heavy drones judder out of two speakers at the back, shaking the walls," and he finds these much preferable to the "psychic hum of the New York Streets," though I suspect not everybody would. According to a recent New York Times article by M. H. Miller, the octogenarian Zazeela has now lost most of her hearing. I wonder how that happened. Sword finds early Sonic Youth albums "haunting and dronal" because they reveal New York as "a city that never sleeps in fitful slumber."All this may simply be to say that not all drones are created equal - that they are fine when you wanted to hear them, not so fine when they are forced upon you, though no doubt this could be applied to all music. Maybe it's all a matter of getting the right drugs.There's plenty of internal evidence that Harry Sword is, shall we say, seriously interested in drugs, and not only psychedelics. Sometimes this interest is perfectly literal, and sometimes it's metaphorical, as when he uses drug vocabulary to describe music. Thus, Manuel Göttsching's 1984 album E2-E4 "is propulsive and confident yet dreamlike and ethereal: cocaine and Quaaludes, essentially." Late-'60s/early-'70s bands such as Budgie and Atomic Rooster, we are told, provided "a bong-water scented portal to fuzzy oblivion."But it's psychedelics that interest him most. The Incredible String Band's oeuvre included "acid-inflected jamborees." In Leyland Kirby's The Death of Rave (2006), "drone is cast out not as celebration but techno's death knell, a lysergic memorial device." In fact, says Sword, an LSD experience creates its own drone, but this raises an obvious question: if LSD is providing the drone, then is not the musical drone largely irrelevant? Yes, drones sound great when you are tripping, but then so do lots of other things. I am sure somebody somewhere has dropped acid, listened to the theme tune from Miami Vice (it does actually contain some drone), and seen God, but I am not sure that necessarily makes it a work of great spiritual import.Religion is the other much-used metaphor in the book: there's a fair bit of talk about communion, epiphany, catharsis, ritual, shamanism, and so on. In the prologue, Sword asks, "What of the cosmic infinity?" "What of the godhead?" Well, what indeed? Most of us at one time or another have listened to music, drone and otherwise, "sacred" and otherwise, and experienced feelings of transcendence, perhaps even bliss. But what if you do not believe in a godhead, or even a god? Does that change and/or negate the way we hear the music? Are these religious drones only for believers, or are the drones meant to convert us?As you can see, this is a book that will have you arguing, at least mentally, with its author, which I think is a very great thing. For example, I find it hard to believe that Sword (or anybody, for that matter) thinks that "Diamanda Galas has one of the world's great voices," though I cheered when I read his opinion that Lee Ranaldo is "one of the most innovative guitarists of all time." Equally I am right there with him in his championing of the Pretty Things' 1968 album S.F. Sorrow, and I do wish I found Sunn 0))) even half as interesting as Sword does, but he did not convince me. I did come to realize, however, that their 2009 album Monoliths & Dimensions was surely an inspiration for this book's title. I was also amused (and in agreement with) Sword's dismissal of Lou Reed's Metal Machine Music (1975) as "karaoke Cale" (as in John, not the leafy green), and he makes a good case that Nico, with her harmonium and that voice, was the one who really took the drone forward from the Velvet Underground.Sword is also surely right to celebrate the drone as the antithesis of "virtuosity," especially in rock music. Fewer and fewer people want to see some guy get down the front of the stage with a Fender Strat and "express himself," and that's surely a very good thing. Today's electric guitarist might well have an Electro-Harmonix Infinite Sustain pedal in their armory, or even an Electro-Faustus "Drone Thing."The most interesting parts of the book, for me, deal with the least familiar aspects of drone. There's some fascinating information about ancient drone instruments: Paleolithic bone pipes, playable mammoth tusks, bullroarers. And there's some great stuff, emanating from UCLA researchers, about changes in the architecture of Greek churches in the 14th century: the churches became shorter and were given domes, and these new spaces vastly intensified the reverberation of the music sung there.Inevitably, some well-known stories do get retold in the book. I do not know that I really needed a recap of Warhol's movie-making exploits, the history of Fluxus, or the disputable joys of the Master Musicians of Joujouka, but perhaps these things will be news to some readers. There is, however, one great story about Paul Bowles that I would never heard before, though many probably have. Bowles was in Tangier, on a project to record the last muezzin who did not use amplification when calling the faithful to prayer. Allen Ginsberg tagged along. Bowles set up his tape recorder in a nearby café and waited for the call to begin. Sword writes, "Ginsberg became animated and started a rambling commentary about the immensity of the occasion. [...] Listening back to the tapes, the muezzin was inaudible - Ginsberg's monologue [was] loud and clear." It seems to me this story tells you pretty much all you need to know about Allen Ginsberg.When a good friend of mine was dying of cancer a couple of years back, he had enough time to decide what music he wanted played at his funeral. One of the songs he chose was the Stones' "Gimme Shelter," which rang out through the tinny speakers as the coffin was carried out of the chapel. It was certainly lo-fi, but nevertheless very moving, and afterward at the wake a few of us stood around discussing what music we would want played at our own funerals. Of course, one wag suggested Metal Machine Music, another suggested something by Napalm Death (Harry Sword is a fan). Not wanting to come across as a show-off, I resisted suggesting John Cage's Organ/ASLSP (1987), a piece of variable and unspecified length that is even now being played on the organ of the St. Berchardi church in Halberstadt, Germany. The performance started in 2001 and is scheduled to last 639 years. Sandbags are stacked on the organ pedals to ensure the continuation of sound. It is, I think, the ultimate funeral music, and certainly the ultimate drone piece. I am well aware it's none of my business, but I think I would have mentioned that if I would been writing a book about musical drones.Survivalism: Well, the first step along the lines you suggest is for the United States to become a haven to international terrorists who are targeting countries other than the United States or insurgents from a neighboring country who are taking refuge on this side of the border.Further, the US would have to get into a situation where they are unable to police their own state, much as Pakistan can not effectively police the mountain areas bordering Afghanistan. Or perhaps we are sheltering them deliberately. So then it comes down to one of the following two results:nThe US allows the aerial attacks of border towns and cities, because we are unable to evict the unwanted combatants from our civilian population.The US protects the combatants and civilians by shooting down the drones with anti-aircraft missiles. Same as with any aerial attack.nNote, drones are still launched and maintained locally. There has to be a ground base for operating the drones. This means that either Canada or Mexico is an aggressor toward this un-evictable force blending in with American citizens or that they are closely allied.Obviously this is a troll question, since the idea of the United States being unable to control its borders against a hypothetical flood of Canadian or Mexican insurgents is ridiculous. And if the US can not track down hidden terrorists, a fleet of foreign drones is not going to be able to either.I know you are upset that civilians are lost as collateral casualties during these airstrikes, but the US is not targeting innocent civilians, they are targeting specific terrorists or armed insurgents. But as civilians, these targets will never be fully legitimate in your eyes, specifically because they refuse to function as a military force. Doing so on their part would actually make declaring war on them possible, which it is not when they function as rogue elements tied to no nation.nHowever, there is a big misconception about the number of civilian casualties that result from drone attacks. Back in 2004 as much as 60% of the people killed were civilians. In 2012 it is estimated that there were fewer than 1% civilian casualties over the course of the year so far. The assumed number is one civilian.How is this possible? Because strikes have moved from regrettable targets like funerals and public buildings to hitting vehicles and isolated compounds. The US is finding these because the information network on the ground is providing the locations and they are observed for days on end from cameras three miles in the sky. Further, drone attacks are down 65% from their annual peak in 2010.So if locals were helping these foreign drones target insurgents and/or terrorists, Americans can probably expect to suffer almost no casualties at all.nThe Year of the Drone An Analysis of U.S. Drone Strikes in Pakistan, 2004-2012Survivalism: How will Americans protect themselves from drone strikes in the near future?How will Americans protect themselves from drone strikes in the near future?.
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